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List of national capitals

This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. There are also a list of national capitals by country and a list of capitals of subnational entities.

Note: there is a separate list of former capitals at the bottom of this page.

 
A
Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire (administrative)
Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates
Abuja Nigeria
Accra Ghana
Addis Ababa Ethiopia
Algiers Algeria
Amman Jordan
Amsterdam Netherlands (official)
Andorra la Vella Andorra
Ankara Turkey
Antananarivo Madagascar
Apia Samoa
Ashgabat Turkmenistan
Asmara Eritrea
Astana Kazakhstan
Asunción Paraguay
Athens Greece
 
B
Baghdad Iraq
Baky Azerbaijan
Bamako Mali
Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei Darussalam
Bangkok Thailand
Bangui Central African Republic
Banjul The Gambia
Basseterre Saint Kitts and Nevis
Beijing People's Republic of China, see also Capital of China
Beirut Lebanon
Belgrade Serbia
Belmopan Belize
Berlin Germany
Berne Switzerland
Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
Bissau Guinea-Bissau
Bloemfontein South Africa (judicial)
Santafé de Bogotá Colombia
Brasília Brazil
Bratislava Slovakia
Brazzaville Republic of the Congo
Bridgetown Barbados
Brussels Belgium
Bucharest Romania
Budapest Hungary
Buenos Aires Argentina
Bujumbura Burundi
 
C
Cairo Egypt
Canberra Australia
Cape Town South Africa (legislative)
Caracas Venezuela
Castries Saint Lucia
Chisinau Moldova
Colombo Sri Lanka (official)
Conakry Guinea
Copenhagen Denmark
Cotonou Benin (de facto)
 
D
Dakar Senegal
Damascus Syria
Dar es Salaam Tanzania (administrative)
Dhaka Bangladesh
Dili East Timor
Djibouti Djibouti
Dodoma Tanzania (official)
Doha Qatar
Douglas[?] Isle of Man
Dublin Republic of Ireland
Dushanbe Tajikistan
 
F
Freetown Sierra Leone
Funafuti Tuvalu
 
G
Gaborone Botswana
Georgetown Guyana
Guatemala City Guatemala
 
H
The Hague Netherlands
Hanoi Vietnam
Harare Zimbabwe
Havana Cuba
Helsinki Finland
Honiara Solomon Islands
 
I
Islamabad Pakistan
 
J
Jakarta Indonesia
Jerusalem Israel
 
K
Kabul Afghanistan
Kampala Uganda
Kathmandu Nepal
Khartoum Sudan
Kiev Ukraine
Kigali Rwanda
Kingston Jamaica
Kingstown Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo
Koror Palau
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia
Kuwait City Kuwait
 
L
La Paz Bolivia (official)
Libreville Gabon
Lilongwe Malawi
Lima Peru
Lisbon Portugal
Ljubljana Slovenia
Lomé Togo
London United Kingdom
Luanda Angola
Lusaka Zambia
Luxembourg Luxembourg
 
M
Madrid Spain
Majuro Marshall Islands
Malabo Equatorial Guinea
Malé Maldives
Managua Nicaragua
Manama Bahrain
Manila The Philippines
Maputo Mozambique
Maseru Lesotho
Mbabane Swaziland
Mexico City Mexico
Minsk Belarus
Mogadishu Somalia
Monaco City Monaco
Monrovia Liberia
Montevideo Uruguay
Moroni Comoros
Moscow Russia
Muscat Oman
 
N
Nairobi Kenya
Nassau Bahamas
N'Djamena Chad
New Delhi India
Niamey Niger
Nicosia Cyprus
Nouakchott Mauritania
Nuku'alofa Tonga
 
O
Oslo Norway
Ottawa Canada
Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
 
P
Palikir Micronesia
Panama City Panama
Paramaribo Suriname
Paris France
Phnom Penh Cambodia
Podgorica Montenegro
Port Louis Mauritius
Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
Port Vila Vanuatu
Port-au-Prince Haiti
Port-of-Spain Trinidad and Tobago
Porto-Novo Benin (official)
Prague Czech Republic
Praia Cape Verde
Pretoria South Africa (official)
P'yongyang North Korea
 
Q
Quito Ecuador
 
R
Rabat Morocco
Rangoon Myanmar
Reykjavík Iceland
Riga Latvia
Riyadh Saudi Arabia
Rome Italy
Roseau Dominica
 
S
San José Costa Rica
San Marino[?] San Marino
San Salvador El Salvador
Sanaá Yemen
Santiago Chile
Santo Domingo Dominican Republic
São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe
Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina
Seoul South Korea
Singapore Singapore
Skopje Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Sofia Bulgaria
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte[?] Sri Lanka (legislative and judicial)
St. George's Grenada
St. John's Antigua and Barbuda
Stockholm Sweden
Sucre Bolivia (administrative)
Suva Fiji
 
T
Taipei Taiwan, Republic of China, see also Capital of China (provisional)
Tallinn Estonia
Tarawa Kiribati
Tashkent Uzbekistan
Tbilisi Georgia
Tegucigalpa Honduras
Tehran Iran
The Hague The Netherlands (administrative)
Thimphu Bhutan
Tirana Albania
Tokyo Japan
Tripoli Libya
Tunis Tunisia
 
U
Ulaanbaatar Mongolia
 
V
Vaduz Liechtenstein
Valletta Malta
Vatican City Holy See
Victoria[?] Seychelles
Vienna Austria
Vientiane Laos
Vilnius Lithuania
 
W
Warsaw Poland
Washington, DC United States of America
Wellington New Zealand
Windhoek Namibia
 
Y
Yamoussoukro Côte d'Ivoire (official)
Yaoundé Cameroon
Yerevan Armenia
 
Z
Zagreb Croatia

Historical list of national capitals

In this list are cities that once where capitals, but now are not any more. That can be because the country ceased to exist, the capital moved, or the capital was renamed. Sorted on country and date.

Former capital cityCountry, empireSinceUntilChange, reason
Melbourne/SydneyAustralia19011908alternated as capitals until Canberra became ready
St. George[?]Bermuda (Brit.) 1815moved to Hamilton[?]
Salvador da BaíaBrazil (Portuguese) 1763moved to Rio de Janeiro
Rio de JaneiroBrazil 1960moved to Brasilia
Belize CityBritish Honduras 1970 moved to Belmopan
KingstonCanada18411843moved to Montreal
Montreal Canada18431849moved to Toronto
TorontoCanada18491859moved to Quebec City
Quebec CityCanada18591865moved to Ottawa
 China  see: Capital of China
LéopoldvilleCongo, Democratic Republic of the19601966renamed to Kinshasa
Large-Bassam[?]Côte d'Ivoire18931900moved to Bingerville[?]
Bingerville[?]Côte d'Ivoire19001933moved to Abidjan
AbidjanCôte d'Ivoire19331983moved to Yamoussoukro
WinchesterEngland3rd century?9th centurymoved to London
Lavuka[?]Fiji (Brit.)   moved to Suva
BonnGermany19491994moved to Berlin
Cape Coast[?]Gold Coast (Brit.) 1877moved to Accra
Nafplion[?]Greece18211836moved to Athens
LahainaHawaii (Hawaiian monarchy) 1840moved to Hawaii
CalcuttaIndia (British) 1912moved to New Delhi
TorinoItaly, Kingdom of18611865moved to Florence
FlorenceItaly, Kingdom of18651871moved to Rome
Heijo-kyo (Nara)Japan (Nara period) 784 
KyotoJapan 1868moved to Tokyo
Alma-AttaKazakhstan19921993renamed to Almaty
Almaty (Alma-Atta)Kazakhstan19931998moved to Astana
AucklandNew Zealand 1865moved to Wellington
LagosNigeria 1991moved to Abuja
BergenNorway (medieval) 1299moved to Oslo
ChristianaNorway 1924renamed to Oslo
KarachiPakistan 1967moved to Islamabad
Quezon City[?]Philippines19481976moved to Manila
Guimarães[?]Portugal, Kingdom of  1255 
Saint PetersburgRussian empire 1914renamed to Petrograd
PetrogradRussia 1918moved to Moscow
Dariyah[?]Saudi[?] state 1818moved to Riyadh
Tulaghi[?]Solomon Islands   moved to Honiara
New York CityUnited States17851790 
PhiladelphiaUnited States17901800 
BursaOttoman empire13351365moved to Edirne
EdirneOttoman empire13651453moved to Constantinople (Istanbul)
ConstantinopleOttoman empire14531923country ceased to exist
Port-of-SpainWest Indies Federation19581962country ceased to exist

See also: Capital of China, extinct countries, empires, former U.S. state capitals



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