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Pretoria is one of two capital cities of South Africa in the Province of Gauteng[?] (the other is Cape Town). It is the administrative capital and Cape Town the legislative capital. In addition, the Appeals Court is in Bloemfontein and the Constitutional Court in Johannesburg, giving these cities a constitutional role as well.

Pretoria is situated approximately 75 km north of Johannesburg. Since 2000 it has been incorporated into the metropolitan area of Tshwane[?].

Pretoria was founded in 1852 by Voortrekkers and became the capital of the South African Republic soon afterwards.

Its mains street is called Kerkstraat / Church Street. Many of its streets are lined with Jacaranda trees, that blossom purplish blue in spring.

It is the home of the National Zoo of South Africa.

The Cullinan diamond[?] was found near Pretoria at the Premier Mine[?] on January 26, 1905.

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