Encyclopedia > List of extinct countries, empires, etc.

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List of extinct countries, empires, etc.

In the past, many states, countries or territories have been in existence. This page attempts to list them, grouped into a number of categories.

See also: list of countries

Table of contents

Ancient Civilizations Territories that disappeared in ancient history.

Medieval Civilisations

Ancient American Civilisations

Former Colonies These were all colonies, most of which were renamed after their independence.

Secessionist states These nations declared themselves independent, but failed to achieve permanent independence and were re-incorporated.

Dissolved countries These states were dissolved into a number of countries.

Renamed countries These countries changed their names.

"Independent" Homelands of South Africa These homelands, for black people, were granted "independence" from South Africa. Not recognised by other nations, they were officially re-incorporated in 1994.

Countries now part of other countries These nations, once separate, are now part of another country.

To be classified These should probably be included in one of the above categories - to be done.

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