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United Arab Republic

The United Arab Republic (UAR) was a union between Egypt and Syria, established on February 1, 1958 as a first step towards a pan-Arab nation.

Attempts were also made to include Yemen in the union, but the UAR collapsed in 1961 after a coup in Syria, leaving only Egypt, which had been the centre of political activity in the UAR, with Cairo as the capital and Gamal Abdal Nasser as the president (he was nominated for the position on February 5, 1958).

The name United Arab Republic continued to be used by Egypt until 1971, after the death of Nasser.

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