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Rhodesia (after Cecil Rhodes) is the former name of the region of Africa corresponding to modern-day Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia) and Zambia (Northern Rhodesia).

In 1961, faced with the independence of African states, Great Britain attempted to create the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland[?], which consisted of the current nations of Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi which at the time were called Southern Rhodesia[?], Northern Rhodesia[?] and Nyasaland respectivelu.

The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved on January 1, 1964 upon the independence of Malawi and Zambia.

When Northern Rhodesia was granted independence by Britain in 1964, it changed its name to Zambia. Southern Rhodesia remained a British colony and came to be known simply as Rhodesia. In 1965 Rhodesia unilaterally declared itself independent under a white-dominated government led by Ian Smith. After a long, three-way civil war, under the terms of a peace treaty, Britain resumed control for a brief time in 1980 and then granted independence to Rhodesia during that same year. At that time Rhodesia (formerly Southern Rhodesia) became Zimbabwe.

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