Tibet (Thibet in older spelling; Bod in Tibetan, Tübed in Mongolian) is a region of Central Asia and the home of the Tibetan people. Most of Tibet is in the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China.
Main article: History of Tibet
Tibet consists of several regions:
- Amdo (a mdo) in northeast → the provinces of Qinghai, Gansu and part of Sichuan
- Kham (khams) in east → part of Sichuan, northern Yunnan and part of Qinghai
- U (dbus) in center → part of Tibetan Autonomous Region
- Tsang (gtsang) in west → part of Tibetan Autonomous Region
(See also Provinces of China)
In the wide sense, Tibet also includes Bhutan, Sikkim and Ladakh[?].
The Tibetan people speak Tibetan language and a few Tibetans write the Tibetan written language.
Tibet is the traditional center of Vajrayana, a distinctive form of Buddhism. Before 1959, Tibet was a theocracy led by the Dalai Lama, who now lives in exile and is internationally seen by many people as being a spokesman for the Tibetan people.
Tibet is also home for spiritual tradition called Bön (alternative spelling: Bon).
- Virtual Tibet: Searching for Shangri-La from the Himalayas to Hollywood, Orville Schell, Henry Holt, 2000, hardcover, 340 pages, ISBN 0805043810
- The 1911 Encyclopaedia (http://25.1911encyclopedia.org/T/TI/TIBET.htm): Info on geography, climate, flora, people, language, literature, writing, and history. (Scroll down pass TIBESTI)
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