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Croatia (in Croatian: Hrvatska) is a country of the Balkan Peninsula. Its capital is Zagreb.


In 1918, Austria-Hungary disintegrated after being on the losing side in WW1. Three of its peoples, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes, formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became an independent communist state under the strong hand of Marshal Tito. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.

Republika Hrvatska
(In Detail[?])
National motto: None
Official language Croatian
Capital Zagreb
President[?] Stjepan Mesić[?]
Prime Minister[?] Ivica Račan[?]
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 123th
56,542 km²
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 79th
Independence 1991
Currency kuna
Time zones UTC +1
National anthem Lijepa naša domovino
Internet TLD .hr
Calling Code 385

See also: Music of Croatia

International rankings


  • Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.

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