Lima was founded by Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, becoming one of the main bases of Spanish power in Peru. Notable buildings include the 16th century Cuzco Cathedral[?] and the National University of San Marcos[?] which was built in 1551.
Lima's main passenger gateway is Jorge Chavez International Airport.
On April 22, 1997 a 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima ended after government commandos stormed and captured the building rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage died of a heart attack, two soldiers were killed from rebel fire and all 14 rebels were slain.
see also: Geography of Peru