Encyclopedia > Khartoum

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Khartoum is the capital of Sudan. This is where the White Nile coming from Uganda meets the Blue Nile coming from Ethiopia. The Nile flows north from here towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.

Troops loyal to the Mahdi laid siege to Khartoum starting on March 13, 1884 and captured the city nearly one year later on January 26, 1885.

Following the 1998 American embassy bombings, the U.S., accusing Osama bin Laden's Islamic extremist al-Qaeda group of responsibility, retaliated with cruise missile attacks (August 20) on al-Qaeda camps in Afghanistan and the al-Shifa pharmaceutical plant in Khartoum.

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