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Timeline of Chinese history

The following is a timeline of the history of China:

See also: China, History of China, History of the People's Republic of China, History of Taiwan, Chinese sovereign, Table of Chinese monarchs (very long)

Date Ruling entity Ruler Events Other people/events
2500 BC Sanhuangwudi This period is part of the Chinese mythology
2205 BC[?]
Xia Dynasty
1806 BC
1523 BC Shang Dynasty First records Chinese characters
1027 BC
1122 BC Zhou Dynasty
722 BC Spring and Autumn Period
551 BC Confucius
481 BC
479 BC
403 BC Warring States Period
256 BC
255 BC Qin Dynasty
246 BC Qin Shi Huang Di
221 BC Start of construction of the Great Wall
210 BC Burial of the Terracotta Army
207 BC
202 BC Han Dynasty Han Gao Zu
195 BC
105 Cai Lun, inventor of paper
106 Han Shangdi
184 Yellow Turban Rebellion
208 Battle of Red Cliff
220
Three Kingdoms
222 Sun Quan
250 Introduction of Buddhism in China
252
265
Jin Dynasty
383 Battle of Feishui
420
Southern and Northern Dynasties
475 Bodhidharma arrives in China
589
581 Sui Dynasty
618
Tang Dynasty
627 Li Shi Min
635 First Christian missionaries arrive in China: Nestorian monks from Asia Minor and Persia, building Da Qin temple.
649
684 Wu Ze Tian
705
845 Mass persecution of Buddhism
907
Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
960
Song Dynasty
1254 Marco Polo
1260 Kublai Khan
1271 Yuan Dynasty
1273 Battle of Xiangyang
1279 Battle of Yamen
1289 Franciscan friars begin mission work in China
1294
1323
1368
Ming Dynasty
1371 Zheng He
1403 Yongle
1406 Construction of the Forbidden City begins
1424
1435
1449 Battle of Tumu Fortress
1516 First Portuguese settlement in Macau
1582 Jesuits begin mission work in China
1644
Qing Dynasty
1662 Kangxi
1680 First Portuguese governor in Macau
1722
1814 First recorded Chinese convert to Christianism
1839 First Opium War
1842 Treaty of Nanjing
1851 Taiping Rebellion
1854
1856 Second Opium War
1858 Treaties of Tianjin[?]
1860 Beijing Convention
1884 Franco-Chinese War
1885
1894 First Sino-Japanese War
1895 Treaty of Shimonoseki
1900 Boxer Rebellion
1908 Pu-yi
1911
Republic of China Sun Yat Sen Wuchang Uprising
Yuan Shikai
1914
1919 May Fourth Movement
1921 Foundation Communist Party of China
1926 Northern Expedition
1927 Kuomintang-Communist split
1928
1934 Long March
1935
1936 Xian incident
1937 Second Sino-Japanese War Marco Polo Bridge Incident
Battle of Nanjing
1938 Battle of Tai er zhuang
1940 Battle of Hundred Regiments
1945 The nationalist government is one of the founding members of the UN
1949
Mainland China
1949 People's Republic of China Mao Zedong
1950 Battle of Chosin Reservoir Korean War
1951 Occupation of Tibet
1953
1956 Hundred Flowers campaign
1957
1958 Great Leap Forward
1960
Sino-Soviet split[?]
1962 Sino-Indian War
1964 State Council decrees it is acceptable to abbreviate most characters listed in the Plan for Character Simplification The PRC detonates its first atomic bomb
1966 Cultural Revolution The Little Red Book
1969 Opening of the first subway line in Beijing: 17 stations
1970 First satellite launch, using Long March rocket
1971 The PRC replaces the ROC as a permanent member of the UN Security Council
1972 Richard Nixon visits China
1974 Discovery of the Terracotta Army
1976 Tiananmen incident Death of Zhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
1977 Beijing Spring
1978 Start of Chinese economic reforms Democracy Wall Movement
1979 One child policy
USA and PRC establish full diplomatic relations Visit of Deng Xiaoping to Washington, D.C.
Border-war with Vietnam
1980 First Special Economic Zones Trial of the Gang of Four
1981
Hu Yaobang
1984 Margaret Thatcher in China, signs Sino-British Joint Declaration, to handover of Hong Kong to the PRC in 1997
1987
Zhao Ziyang
1989 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
Jiang Zemin
1991 First McDonald's restaurant in Beijing
1996 Large PRC military maneuvers in Taiwan Strait
1997 Hong Kong handover, becomes a Special administrative region Death of Deng Xiaoping
1999 Macau handover
2000 The PRC passes Japan as the country with which the USA has the largest trade deficit
2001 Accession to World Trade Organization Beijing elected to hold the 2008 Summer Olympics
2002 16th Party Congress
present Hu Jintao SARS outbreak
Taiwan
1945 Republic of China
(Continued)
1947 Chiang Kai-Shek February 28 Incident
1949 Kuomintang retreats to Taiwan
1971 The PRC replaces the ROC as a permanent member of the UN Security Council
1975
Yen Chia-jin
1978
Chiang Ching-Kuo
1988
Lee Teng-hui
1996 Large PRC military maneuvers in Taiwan Strait
2000
Chen Shui-bian
2001 Accession to World Trade Organization
present SARS outbreak

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