Marco Polo (1254 - 1324) was a Venetian merchant and explorer who, together with his father and uncle, was among the first Westerners to travel the Silk Road all the way to China. They lived there for seventeen years. They returned to Venice. During the wars of Venice in Italy, Marco was captured and held prisoner. Then he dictated to Rusticello da Pisa[?] a widely read book (Il Milione[?]) about his travels.
Marco Polo is believed to have described a bridge which was the site of the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, a battle which marked the beginning of the Japanese invasion of north central China in World War II.
Marco Polo is also a popular children's game played in a pool.
The child who is "it" must swim around the pool with his eyes closed, attempting to tag the other players. The "it" child can only sense where the other players are by calling out "Marco!," at which point all the other players are required to yell "Polo!". By judging where the sounds are coming from, the child who is "it" is able to overcome his self-imposed blindness and hopefully tag somebody else, who then becomes "it." There are other rules to this game, varying from region to region (see 'fish out of water[?]').
Marcopolo 1 and 2 (spelled thus) were two satellites launched in 1989 in order to carry the five television channels of Britain's official direct broadcast satellite company, British Satellite Broadcasting. Although the satellites worked perfectly, BSB was a commercial failure and the satellites were sold off and renamed.