is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar
(61st in leap years
). There are 305 days remaining.
- 286 - Maximian proclaimed junior Roman emperor
- 293 - Constantius Chlorus and Galerius proclaimed junior Roman emperors
- 1562 - Over 1,000 Huguenots are massacred by Catholics in Vassy[?], France marking the start of the First War of Religion.
- 1642 - Georgeana, Massachusetts (now known as York, Maine) becomes the first incorporated city in America
- 1692 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony with the charging of four women with witchcraft.
- 1700 - Sweden introduces its own Swedish Calendar, in an attempt to reform into the Gregorian Calendar
- 1712 - Sweden reverts to the Julian Calendar as March 1 follows on February 30
- 1753 - Sweden introduces the Gregorian Calendar as March 1 follows on February 17
- 1781 - The Continental Congress adopts the Articles of Confederation.
- 1790 - The first United States census is authorized
- 1803 - Ohio becomes the 17th U.S. state.
- 1811 - Leaders of the Mameluke dynasty[?] are killed by Egyptian ruler Mohammed Ali.
- 1815 - Napoleon returns to France from his banishment on Elba.
- 1845 - President John Tyler signs a bill authorizing the United States to annex the Republic of Texas.
- 1867 - Nebraska becomes the 37th U.S. state.
- 1872 - Yellowstone National Park is established as the world's first national park
- 1873 - E. Remington and Sons[?] in Ilion, New York, start production of the first practical typewriter.
- 1896 - Battle of Adowa, in which Ethiopia defended its independence against Italy, begins. The Italians were defeated.
- 1911 - Jose Ordonez[?] is elected President of Uruguay.
- 1912 - Albert Berry[?] makes the first parachute jump from a moving airplane.
- 1931 - Henry Pu Yi, former Emperor of China, is proclaimed King of the puppet state of Manchukuo by Japan.
- 1932 - Charles Lindbergh's baby boy is kidnapped
- 1936 - Hoover Dam completed.
- 1941 - World War II: Bulgaria signs the Tripartite Pact thus joining the Axis powers.
- 1941 - W47NV[?] begins operations in Nashville, Tennessee becoming the first FM radio station.
- 1947 - The International Monetary Fund begins financial operations.
- 1949 - World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis announces his retirement from boxing.
- 1950 - Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by giving them top secrete atomic bomb data.
- 1954 - Nuclear testing: Officials announce that an American hydrogen bomb test had been conducted on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
- 1954 - Puerto Rican nationalists attack the United States Capitol building, injuring five Representatives.
- 1961 - President of the United States John F. Kennedy establishes the Peace Corps.
- 1962 - Uganda becomes self-governing
- 1966 - Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashes on Venus becoming the first spacecraft to land on another planet's surface.
- 1966 - The Ba'ath Party takes power in Syria
- 1969 - Major league baseballer Mickey Mantle announces his retirement.
- 1974 - Watergate scandal: Seven are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged was conspiracy to obstruct justice.
- 1990 - A fire at the Sheraton Hotel in Cairo kills 16.
- 1990 - Steve Jackson Games is raided by the U.S. Secret Service[?], prompting the later formation of the EFF.
- 1992 - After a majority of Muslim and Croatian communities vote for Bosnian independence, Bosnian Serb snipers fire on civilians.
- 1999 - One of four bombs detonated in Lusaka, Zambia, destroys the Angolan Embassy.
- 1999 - Hutu rebels kill eight tourists in Uganda.
- 2002 - U.S. Attack on Afghanistan: In eastern Afghanistan, Operation Anaconda begins.
- 1474 - Angela Merici[?], founder of the Ursulines[?] (+ 1540)
- 1810 - Frederic Chopin, composer and pianist (+ 1849)
- 1837 - William Dean Howells, writer, historian, editor, politician
- 1886 - Oskar Kokoschka, painter, graphic artist and poet (+ 1980)
- 1904 - Glenn Miller, bandleader (+ 1944)
- 1909 - David Niven, actor (+ 1983)
- 1914 - Ralph Ellison, writer (+ 1994)
- 1917 - Dinah Shore[?], singer, television personality
- 1917 - Robert Lowell[?], poet
- 1922 - Yitzhak Rabin, Prime Minister of Israel and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize (+ 1995)
- 1922 - William Gaines, publisher, founder of MAD Magazine (+ 1992)
- 1926 - Pete Rozelle[?], commissioner of the National Football League (+ 1996)
- 1927 - Harry Belafonte, musician and actor
- 1927 - Robert Bork, law professor
- 1929 - Georgi Markov, Bulgarian dissident (+ 1978)
- 1935 - Robert Conrad[?], actor
- 1935 - Judith Rossner[?], writer
- 1944 - Roger Daltrey, musician ("The Who")
- 1954 - Ron Howard, actor, director, producer
- 1969 - Javier Bardem, actor
Holidays and observances
- Roman Empire - Matronalia[?] in honor of Juno
- Roman Empire - Feriae Marti[?] in honor of Mars
- Roman Empire - New Year
- Roman Empire - The sacred fire of Rome was renewed (See Vesta)
- Saint David's day
- Historically, March 1st was considered to be the beginning of the year. The names of some months reflect this. (September = Seventh, October = Eighth, November = Ninth, December = Tenth). (see New Year) If the days of the year were counted from March 1, till the next March 1, each date of the year would have the same number every year, unlike counting from January 1.
- World Day of Prayer
- Bahá'í Faith - Last Day (4 or 5) of Ayyám-i-Há (Intercalary Days) - days in the Bahá'í calendar devoted to service and gift giving.
February 28 - February 29 - March 2 - February 1 - April 1 - more historical anniversaries
January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
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