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Battle of Adowa

The Battle of Adowa (also known as Adwa or sometimes by the Italian name Adua) was fought on March 1, 1896 between Ethiopia and Italy near the town of Adwa, Ethiopia[?] in Tigray[?].

It was the climactic battle of the First Italo-Abyssinian War. The Italians, under General Oreste Baratieri[?] were heavily outnumbered by the Ethiopians under Emperor Menelik II, about 14,500 to as much as 100,000. The Italian army was encircled and routed; including the heavy skirmishing as the Italians retreated to their bases the Italians took 11,000 casualties, while the Ethiopians had about 10,000.

As direct result of the battle, Italy signed the Treaty of Addis Abeba[?], recognizing Ethiopia as independent state.

See also: History -- Military history -- List of battles



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