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List of Hungarian rulers

The following table enlists all rulers of Hungary since Arpad until 1918
Dynasty or House the ruler belonged to Rulers Reigns of rulers Remarks
Árpád[?] Árpád[?] 896-907 founder, led Magyars into Eastern Europe
Árpád[?] Zoltan[?] 907-946
non-dynastic Val[?] 946-952
Árpád[?] Tacsony[?] 952-972
Árpád[?] Geza 972-997
Árpád[?] St. Stephen (István) 997-1038 first king of Hungary
dynastic struggle 1038-1046
non dynastic Peter Urseolo[?] 1038-1041, 1044-1046
non dynastic Sámuel Aba[?] 1041-1044
Vatha pagan rising 1046-1047 ?
Árpád[?] Andrew I[?] 1047-1061 Arpad dynasty restored
Árpád[?] Bela I[?] 1061-1063
Árpád[?] Solomon (Salamon)[?] 1063-1074
Árpád[?] Géza I[?] 1074-1077
Árpád[?] St. Ladislaus (László) 1077-1095 All Ladislaus' are spelled with "laus" as in 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica, see talk page
Árpád[?] Coloman or Kálmán[?] 1095-1114 King of Hungary, & Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia (1097)
Árpád[?] Stephen II[?] 1114-1131
Árpád[?] Béla II[?] 1131-1141
Árpád[?] Géza II[?] 1141-1161
Árpád[?] Stephen III[?] 1161-1162
Árpád[?] Ladislaus II[?] 1162-1163
Árpád[?] Stephen IV[?] 1163
Árpád[?] Stephen III, restored[?] 1163-1172
Árpád[?] Béla III[?] 1172-1196
Árpád[?] Emeric (Imre)[?] 1196-1204
Árpád[?] Ladislaus III[?] 1204-1205
Árpád[?] Andrew (András) II 1205-1235
Árpád[?] Béla IV the great[?] 1235-1270 Mongol invasion
Árpád[?] Stephen V 1270-1272
Árpád[?] Ladislaus IV 1272-1290
Árpád[?] Andrew III[?] 1290-1301 last of Arpad dynasty
Premyslid Wenceslas (Vencel) III of Bohemia[?] 1301-1305 Bohemian king, elected as King of Hungary
Wittelsbach Otto III of Bavaria[?] 1305-1308
Angevin Charles (Károly) I 1308-1342 founded the Anjou line and established the Angevin dynasty in Hungary.
Angevin Louis I the Great (Nagy Lajos) 1342-1382
Angevin Mary 1382-1395
Angevin Charles II 1385-1386 also King of Naples as Charles III, in opposition to Mary
Luxembourg Sigismund (Zsigmond) 1387-1437 also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Bohemia
Habsburg Albert 1437-1439 son-in-law of the precedent, also German King and Albert V of Austria
Interregnum title dispute between Vladislav and Ladislaus
Jagiellon Ulászló I 1440-1444
Luxemburg Ladislaus Posthumus 1444-1457 also King of Bohemia
non dynastic Matthias Corvinus the Just (Igazságos Mátyás)[?] 1458-1490
Jagiellon Ulászló II[?] 1490-1516
Jagiellon Louis II 1516-1526 killed at the Battle of Mohacs
Rival kings of Emperor Ferdinand and John Zápolya both claimed themselves as ruler of Hungary.
Habsburg Ferdinand (Ferdinánd) I 1526-1564 brother in law of Louis II, also Holy Roman Emperor. Ottoman invasion
Zápolya[?] John Zápolya (Zápolya János)[?] 1526-1540 Leader of groups of Hungarian nobles claiming no foreign ruler should be chosen King of Hungary. Claimed the throne with support of Hungarian nobles, and later the Ottoman Sultan. Ottoman invasion. (Zápolya is alternatively spelled as Szapolyai.)
Zápolya[?] Isabel (Izabella)[?] 1556-1559 After the death of his husband Zápolya János[?] the areas was mainly controlled by nobles (with the lead of Fráter György[?]), until the nobles recalled her with her child (II Zápolya Zsigmond[?]) as Queen.
Zápolya[?] John II Sigismund (Zsigmond) Zápolya[?] 1540-1571 Son of precedents. King of Hungary and Prince of Transylvania (Erdély).
Hungary was effectively split into 3 parts: a Habsburg domain in the north and west, Ottoman domain in the center, and Transylvania in the east after 1562.
Habsburg Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor 1563-1576
Habsburg Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor 1572-1608
Báthory Stephen Bathory 1571-1575 Prince of Transylvania
Báthory Christopher (Kristóf) Bathory 1575-1581 Prince of Transylvania and brother of precedent
Báthory Sigismund Bathory 1581-1597, August 1598- March 1599, 1599-1602 Prince of Transylvania and son of precedent. Abdicated three times, twice (1597, 1602), in favor of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II and once (1599) of his cousin Andrew Cardinal Bathory.
Báthory Andrew Cardinal Bathory[?] 1599 Prince of Transylvania
non dynastic Stephen Bocskay[?] 1604-1606 Governor(1604) and Prince (1605) of Transylvania
Rákóczy[?] Sigismund Rákóczy[?] 1607-1608 elected Prince of Transylvania
Habsburg Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor 1608-1619
Báthory Gabriel (Gábor) Bathory[?] 1608-1613 Prince of Transylvania
non dynastic Gábor Bethlen[?] 1613-1629 Prince of Transylvania
Habsburg Ferdinand II 1618-1637
Rákóczy[?] George (György) I Rákóczy [?] 1630-1648 elected Prince of Transylvania
Habsburg Ferdinand III 1625-1657
Habsburg Ferdinand IV 1647-1654
Rákóczy[?] George II Rákóczy[?] 1648-1657 Prince of Transylvania
Habsburg Leopold I 1655-1705
non dynastic Emeric Thököly (Thököly Imre)[?] 1660-1682 against Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I
Movements of Hungarian liberation as a result of a prolonged war against Turks. Habsburgs began colonization of Serbs (1690) and Germans (1682-1699) in Southern Hungary.
Habsburg Joseph I 1687-1711
Rákóczy[?] Francis II Rákóczy[?] head of liberation movement (1703-1711) and elected Ruling Prince of Transylvania
Habsburg Charles III 1711-1740
Large scale German settlements in Hungary (1720-1800)
Habsburg Maria Theresa (Mária Terézia) 1740-1780
Habsburg Joseph II 1780-1790
Habsburg Leopold II 1790-1792
Habsburg Francis 1792-1835
Habsburg Ferdinand V 1835-1848
The Hungarian Republic (1848-1849) was proclaimed. Croats sought autonomous government and separation from Hungary. In 1849, the Habsburgs reasserted their authority with the help of Russian troops
Habsburg Francis Joseph I (Ferenc József) 1848-1916
Habsburg Charles IV 1916-1918
Hungary declared complete independence from Austria on October 17, 1918.

Michael Károlyi (Károlyi Mihály) Proclamation of the Hungarian Republic 16 Nov 1918 16 Nov 1918

Michael Károlyi the Communists under Béla Kun 1919 1919

Alexander Garbai the Czechs had invaded Hungary from the north and the Romanians had invaded from the south 1919 1920

Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (Nagybányai Vitéz Horthy Miklós) Austria, proclaimed the country a monarchy, and named Horthy as regent, in place of a king. 1920 1944

Béla Zsedényi In March 1944 German troops occupied the country and with Horthy’s consent, installed a puppet regime. In early October 1944 Soviet armies invaded Hungary. Horthy was deposed by the Germans a few days later. On January 20, 1945, representatives of a Soviet-sponsored provisional government signed an armistice with the Allied nations, and on February 13 Budapest fell to Soviet troops. 1944 1946

Zoltán Tildy Third Hungarian Republic . President. 1946 1948

Communist Árpád Szakasits President 1948 1949

Communist Árpád Szakasits the Hungarian People’s Republic.Communist policies. Chairmen of the Presidential Council 1949 1950

Communist Sándor Rónai 1950 1952

Socialist István Dobi 1952 1956

Socialist István Dobi Hungarian Revolt of 1956.

Communist (regime dictator) János Kádár Prime Minister 1956 1967 (in power until 1988)

Socialist Pál Losonczi 1967 1987

Socialist Károly Németh 1987 1988

Socialist Bruno Ferenc Straub Karoly Grósz replaced Kádár as head of the Communist Party. 1988 1989

Socialist Mátyás Szűrös President of the Republic. Prime Minister Károly Grósz changed the country’s name from the People’s Republic of Hungary to the Republic of Hungary 1989 1990

Democrats Árpád Göncz President 1990 2000

Democrats Ferenc Mádl 2000 -



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