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The Wittelsbach family were the ruling dynasty of the German state of Bavaria from 1180 to 1918 and of the Rhine Palatinate from 1214 until 1805; in 1815 the latter territory was incorporated into Bavaria, which had been a kingdom since 1806.

The family provided two Holy Roman Emperors: Louis IV (1328-1347) and Charles VII (1742-1745), and for half a century until 1373 controlled Brandenburg to the north-east.

Other members of the family include:

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... the grove of Simila[?] near the Aventine Hill, on March 16 and 17. Subsequently, admission to the rites were extended to men and celebrations took place five times a month. ...