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United Nations member states

There are currently 191 member states in the United Nations. The first entirely new member of the 21st century is Tuvalu.

The Seat of China

The Republic of China was one of the five original founders of the UN in 1945. However, in October 1971, Resolution 2758[?] was passed by the General Assembly, expelling the ROC from all UN organs and replacing the China seat on the Security Council with the People's Republic of China. It also declared the PRC as the "only lawful representatives of China to the United Nations" and thus labeled the ROC as renegade. Multiple attempts by the Republic of China to re-join the UN have not made it past committee. (See also: Political status of Taiwan)

Observer States

In addition to the member states discussed above, there is also a non-member observer state: the Holy See (Vatican City State), which maintains a permanent observer mission at the UN headquarters. Some international organizations have a similar observer status; see UN General Assembly for a list.

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