|State nickname: The Granite State|
- % water
Ranked 46th |
- Total (2000)
|Admittance into Union
June 21, 1788
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
42°40'N to 45°18'N|
70°37'W to 72°37'W
110 km |
New Hampshire is a state in the United States and its U.S. postal abbreviation is NH. New Hampshire was named after the English county of Hampshire. New Hampshire is called the "Granite State" because of its numerous granite quarries; the nickname may also reflect the state's attachment to tradition and its history of a frugal government. There are no general sales or individual income taxes, which fits with the state motto of "Live free or die".
New Hampshire is best known as the state with the first primary in the presidential election, the spot with the worst recorded weather at an inhabited location (the Mount Washington weather observatory), colorful fall foliage, and a splashy headline killer, Pamela Smart[?].
Regionally, New Hampshire is known for skiing, no sales or income tax, the Lakes region and the New Hampshire International Speedway[?] (formerly the Loudon Racetrack), the home of the Loudon Classic, the longest-running motorcycle race in the United States.
USS New Hampshire was named in honor of this state.
New Hampshire was first settled in 1623, just three years after the Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts and it was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution.
The New Hampshire state capital is Concord, which has also been known over time by the names Rumford and Penacook. The govenor of New Hampshire is Craig Benson[?] (Republican) and its two U.S. senators are Judd Gregg[?] (Republican) and John E. Sununu (Republican), whose father John H. Sununu was governor of the state from 1983-1988.
New Hampshire is part of the New England region. It is bounded by Quebec to the north, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, Massachusetts to the south, and Vermont to the west. New Hampshire's major regions are the White Mountains region, the Lakes area, the Seacoast region, the Merrimack Valley area, the Monadnock region, and the Dartmouth-Lake Sunapee area.
Major rivers include the 116-mile Merrimack River, which bisects the state north-south and ends up in Massachusetts. Its major tributaries include the Souhegan River. The 410-mile Connecticut River, which flows south to Connecticut, forms the western border of New Hampshire. Oddly, the state border is not in the center of that river, as is usually the case, but lies at the low-water mark on the Vermont side, so New Hampshire actually owns the whole river.
The largest lake is Lake Winnipesaukee, which covers 72 square miles in the central part of New Hampshire.
New Hampshire has the shortest ocean coastline of any state, just 18 miles. About 10 miles offshore are the Isles of Shoals, nine small islands best known as the site of a 19th-century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter[?].
Economy New Hampshire's 1999 total state gross product was $44 billion, placing it 39th in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $33,332, 6th in the nation. Its agricultural outputs are dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples, and eggs. Its industrial outputs are machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products, and tourism.
The population of the state in 2000 is 1,235,786.
Manchester, the largest city in the state, has a main street (Elm Street) which is a dead-end at both ends.