Encyclopedia > 1972 Summer Olympics

  Article Content

1972 Summer Olympics

See also: 1972 Summer Paralympics[?]
The Games of the XX Olympiad were held in 1972 in Munich, West Germany. In the bid to organise the Olympics, Detroit, Madrid and Montreal were beaten.

Games of the XX Olympiad
Nations participating121
Athletes participating7,123 (6,065 men, 1,058 women)
Events195 in 23 sports
Opening ceremoniesAugust 26, 1972
Closing ceremoniesSeptember 11, 1972
Officially opened byGustav Heinemann
Athlete's OathHeidi Schüller[?]
Judge's Oath:Heinz Pollay[?]
Olympic TorchGünther Zahn[?]

Table of contents

Highlights

  • Palestinian terrorists took 11 Israeli athletes hostage on September 5. After a failed rescue attempt, all athletes and most of the hostage were killed. For more, see Munich massacre.
  • All Olympic events were suspended for one day after the terrorist action became known. They were continued a day later, although some athletes decided to leave Munich.
  • Mark Spitz set seven World Records to win a record seven gold medals in one Olympics, bringing his total to nine.
  • Lasse Virén[?] of Finland won the 5000 and 10000 m (the latter after a fall), a feat he would repeat in the 1976 Summer Olympics.
  • Olga Korbut, a tiny Soviet gymnast, became a star after failing to win the individual all-around after a fall, but winning two gold medals in the apparatus events.
  • Valeri Borzov wins both the 100 m and 200 m on the track.
  • Australian swimmer Shane Gould[?] wins three gold medals and two silver.
  • Handball (last held in 1936) and Archery (last held in 1920) return as Olympic sports after a long absence.
  • White water canoeing[?] is held for the first time at the Olympics.
  • For the first time, the Olympic Oath is also taken by a representative of the referees.
  • In basketball, the United States' Olympic winning streak, which started in 1936, was ended. The final game against the Soviet Union ended in a victory for the Russians, but was surrounded by controversy.

Medals Awarded

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

Medal Count

PosCountryGoldSilverBronzeTotal

References

Internal Links

External Links

Bibliography


Summer Olympics

1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906 | 1908 | 1912 | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004 | 2008 | 2012

Winter Olympics

1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1994 | 1998 | 2002 | 2006 | 2010



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt

... Gerhard Creutzfeldt - Wikipedia <<Up     Contents Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt was a German neuropathologist[?], born June ...