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Olympic Oath

The Olympic Oath is taken by an athlete and a judge at the opening ceremonies of the Olympic Games.

The athlete, from team of the organising country, holds a corner of the Olympic Flag[?] while speaking the oath:

In the name of all competitors, I promise that we shall take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules that govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship, for the glory of sport and the honor of our teams, committing ourselves to a sport without doping and without drugs.

The judge, also from the home nation, does the same, but with a slighly different oath:

In the name of all the judges and officials, I promise that we shall officiate in these Olympic Games with complete impartiality, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them in the true spirit of sportsmanship.

History

The Olympic Oath, written by Pierre de Coubertin was first taken by an athlete at the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. The first judge's oath was taken at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich.

The text of the oath has slightly changed over the years. Victor Boin[?]'s oath in 1920 was

We swear that we will take part in the Olympic Games in a spirit of chivalry, for the honor of our country and for the glory of sport.

Later, "swear" was replaced by "promise" and "country" by "team". The last part of the final sentence, concerning doping, was added at the 2000 Summer Olympics.

Speakers

The athletes and judges that have taken the Olympic Oath are listed below. As the equestrian events in 1956 were held in Stockholm, there were two speakers of the Olympic Oath in that year.

Olympic Oath
OlympicsAthleteJudge
1920 Summer OlympicsVictor Boin[?]-
1924 Winter OlympicsCamille Mandrilon[?]-
1924 Summer OlympicsGeorges André[?]-
1928 Winter OlympicsHans Eidenbenz[?]-
1928 Summer OlympicsHenri Dénis[?]-
1932 Winter OlympicsJack Shea[?]-
1932 Summer OlympicsGeorge Calnan[?]-
1936 Winter OlympicsWilhelm Bogner[?]-
1936 Summer OlympicsRudolf Ismayr[?]-
1948 Winter OlympicsBibi Torriani[?]-
1948 Summer OlympicsDon Finlay[?]-
1952 Winter OlympicsTorbjorn Falkanger[?]-
1952 Summer OlympicsHeikki Savolainen[?]-
1956 Winter OlympicsGiuliana Chenal-Minuzzo[?]-
1956 Summer OlympicsJohn Landy[?]-
 Henri Saint Cyr[?]-
1960 Winter OlympicsCarol Heiss[?]-
1960 Summer OlympicsAdolfo Consolini[?]-
1964 Winter OlympicsPaul Aste[?]-
1964 Summer OlympicsTakashio Ono[?]-
1968 Winter OlympicsLeo Lacroix[?]-
1968 Summer OlympicsPablo Garrido[?]-
1972 Winter OlympicsKeiichi Suzuki[?]Fumio Asaki[?]
1972 Summer OlympicsHeidi Schüller[?]Heinz Pollay[?]
1976 Winter OlympicsWerner Delle-Karth[?]Willy Köstinger[?]
1976 Summer OlympicsPierre St.-Jean[?]Maurice Fauget[?]
1980 Winter OlympicsEric HeidenTerry McDermott[?]
1980 Summer OlympicsNikolay Andrianov[?]Aleksandr Medved[?]
1984 Winter OlympicsBojan Krizaj[?]Dragan Perovic[?]
1984 Summer OlympicsEdwin Moses[?]Sharon Weber[?]
1988 Winter OlympicsPierre Harvey[?]Suzanna Morrow-Francis[?]
1988 Summer OlympicsHur Jae[?]Lee Hak-Rae[?]
1992 Winter OlympicsSurya Bonaly[?]Pierre Bornat[?]
1992 Summer OlympicsLuis Doreste Blanco[?]Eugeni Asensio[?]
1994 Winter OlympicsVegard Ulvang[?]Kari Karing[?]
1996 Summer OlympicsTeresa Edwards[?]Hobie Billingsly[?]
1998 Winter OlympicsKenji Ogiwara[?]Junko Hiramatsu[?]
2000 Summer OlympicsRechelle Hawkes[?]Peter Kerr[?]
2002 Winter OlympicsJimmy SheaAllen Church[?]



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