## Encyclopedia > 1936 Summer Olympics

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# 1936 Summer Olympics

The Games of the XI Olympiad were held in 1936 in Berlin, Germany. Berlin's bid was preferred over Barcelona. Although awarded before the Nazi Party came to power in Germany, the government saw the Olympics as a golden opportunity to promote their fascist ideology. Film-maker Leni Riefenstahl was commissioned to film the Games. The film, titled Olympia[?], was a masterpiece of propaganda, despite Hitler's theories of Aryan racial superiority being repeatedly shown up by non-Aryan athletes. In particular, the black sprinter and long jumper Jesse Owens won 4 gold medals. The tale of Hitler snubbing Owens at the ensuing medal ceremony is, however, apocryphal.

 Games of the XI Olympiad Nations participating 49 Athletes participating 4,066 (3,738 men, 328 women) Events 129 in 19 sports Opening ceremonies August 1, 1936 Closing ceremonies August 16, 1936 Officially opened by Adolf Hitler Athlete's Oath Rudolph Ismayr[?] Judge's Oath: not applicable Olympic Torch Fritz Schilgen[?]

See the medal winners, ordered by sport:

 Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total

### Bibliography

Summer Olympics

1896 | 1900 | 1904 | 1906 | 1908 | 1912 | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1948 | 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996 | 2000 | 2004| 2008 | 2012

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