|State nickname: Cornhusker State|
- % water
Ranked 16th |
- Total (2000)
|Admittance into Union
March 1, 1867
Eastern NE is Central, Western NE is Mountain
40°N to 43°N|
95°25'W to 104°W
340 km |
Nebraska is a midwestern State of the United States. Nebraska gets its name from a Native American word meaning "flat water", after the Platte River[?] that flows through the State. Once considered part of the Great American Desert[?], it is now a leading farming state. Nebraskans have practiced scientific farming to turn the Nebraska prairie into a land of ranches and farms. Much of the history of the State is the story of the impact of the Nebraska farmer.
In the 1860s, the first great wave of homesteaders poured into Nebraska to claim free land granted by the federal government. Many of the first farm settlers built their homes out of sod[?] because they found so few trees on the grassy land.
Nebraska is the only state in the United States with a unicameral legislature, that is a legislature with only one house. Although this house is known simply as he "Legislature", its members still call themselves "Senators".
Nebraska is bordered by South Dakota to the north; Iowa and Missouri to the east, across the Missouri River; Kansas to the south; Colorado to the southwest, and Wyoming to the west. The largest city in Nebraska is Omaha, and the capital is Lincoln. The state has 92 counties; see List of Nebraska counties.
In regional terms, Nebraska is located in the Great Plains, at the westernmost extent of the Grain Belt. The eastern portion of the State can be considered part of the "Midwest", while the western and central portions are part of the "West", although the distinction between these regions is somewhat fluid. Indeed, one of Nebraska's mottos is "Where the West begins", and a local legend even has it that the West begins precisely at the intersection of 13th and O Streets in Lincoln (where it is marked by a red brick star).
Nebraska's population as of 2000 is 1,711,263.
The USS Nebraska was named in honor of this State.