Encyclopedia > College football

  Article Content

College American football

Redirected from College football

American football first achieved popularity as a college game and college football continues to be extremely popular.

The first intercollegiate football game

The first game played between teams representing different colleges or universities was played on November 6, 1869 between Rutgers University and Princeton University, at College Field, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Rutgers won, by a score of 6 to 4. As the score would indicate, the game bore little resemblance to the game of today.

An account of that first game (http://www.scarletknights.com/football/history/first_game.htm)

The development of the modern game can be traced to a meeting between the Harvard University and McGill University football teams in 1874. The two teams were used to playing different brands of football--the McGill team played a rugby-style game, while Harvard played a soccer-style game. The teams agreed to play under compromise rules, and from this meeting the game of football began to evolve in both the United States and Canada.

The game increased in popularity through the remainder of the 19th century. It also became increasingly violent. President Theodore Roosevelt threatened, in 1906, to ban the sport following a series of player deaths from injuries suffered during games. The response to this was the formation of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, which set rules governing the sport. One of the rules changes to emerge from this attempt at alleviating the violence of the sport was the introduction of the forward pass. Another was the banning of "mass momentum" plays (many of which, like the infamous "flying wedge", were literally deadly).

Prior to the founding of the National Football League, and for a few decades thereafter, college football was the predominant venue for American football. Innovations in strategy and style of play originated in college football and spread to the pro game gradually. It was not until the post-WWII era that the pro game achieved ascendancy in the eyes of the American sports fan.

Table of contents

National Championships

NCAA Divisions and Conferences


Division I-A

Division I-AA

Division II

Division III

NAIA Conferences

College Football Bowl Games

College Football Awards



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Carbon sequestration

... with renewables or offset their emissions by purchasing CO2 reserves, e.g. forest replantation or protection in Latin America. There is as yet no carbon audit regime ...