Redirected from Brunei Darussalam
|National motto: Brunei Darussalam|
(Malay: Brunei, the abode of peace)
|Official language||Malay language|
|Capital||Bandar Seri Begawan|
- % water
|Ranked 163rd |
- Total (2001)
|Independence||January 1, 1984|
|Time zone||UTC + 8|
|National anthem||Ya Allah lanjutkan|
la usia Duli tuanku
The sultanate of Brunei was very powerful in from the 14th through 16th century, covering the southern Philippines, Sarawak and Sabah. European influence gradually brought an end to this power, and Brunei became a British protectorate in 1888. The nation gained a high degree of autonomy in
The sultan of Brunei, which has been from the same dynasty since the 14th century, is the head of state and head of government in Brunei. The sultan is advised by several councils and a cabinet of ministers. There is no elected legislative body.
Brunei is divided into four districts, called daerah. These are:
Brunei is divided into two entities, the eastern, smaller one is the district of Temburong[?]. Virtually all of population lives in the western part, only about 10,000 live in the mountainous Temburong. Major cities are the capital Bandar Seri Begawan (about 46,000 inhabitants), the port town Muara[?] and Seria[?].
The climate in Brunei is tropical, with high temperatures, a high humidity and heavy rainfall.
This small, wealthy economy is a mixture of foreign and domestic entrepreneurship, government regulation, welfare measures, and village tradition. Crude oil and natural gas production account for nearly half of GDP. Per capita GDP is far above most other Third World countries, and substantial income from overseas investment supplements income from domestic production. The government provides for all medical services and subsidizes rice and housing. Brunei's leaders are concerned that steadily increased integration in the world economy will undermine internal social cohesion although it became a more prominent player by serving as chairman for the 2000 APEC (Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation) forum. Plans for the future include upgrading the labor force, reducing unemployment, strengthening the banking and tourist sectors, and, in general, further widening the economic base beyond oil and gas.
About two-thirds of the Brunei population are of Malay[?] origin. The most important ethnic group are the Chinese, with about 15%. These groups also reflect the most important languages: Malay, which is the official language, and Chinese. English is also spoken.
Much of the material in these articles comes from the CIA World Factbook 2000 and the 2003 U.S. Department of State website.