|State nickname: Beehive State|
|Capital||Salt Lake City|
- % water
Ranked 13th |
- Total (2000)
|Admittance into Union
January 4, 1896
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC-7/-6|
37° to 42°N|
109°W to 114°W
435 km |
USS Utah was named in honor of this state.
Mormon settlers first came to the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847. At the time, Utah was still Mexican territory. The land became the territory of the United States upon the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848. (The Treaty was ratified by the United States Senate on March 10.
Utah's bid for statehood was accepted January 4, 1896, over forty years after the initial request. The delay was largely due to disputes between the Mormon inhabitants--who had settled in the area in 1847 and were pushing for the establishment of the state of Deseret--and the US Government which was reluctant to admit a state the size of the proposed Deseret into the union, opposed the polygamous practices of the Mormons taught by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and observed that the region lacked the necessary 60,000 voters required for statehood. One of the conditions to granting Utah's statehood was that a ban on polygamy be written into the Utah Constitution. This was a condition required of other western states that were also admitted later into the union.
The capital and largest city is Salt Lake City.
One of Utah's defining characteristics is the variety of its terrain, from the Uinta Mountain[?] range in the north (the only east-west running mountain range in North America) to the beautiful desert landscapes of Bryce Canyon and Zion National Parks.
Another notable fact about Utah is that the continental meeting of the railroads happened at Promontory Point, Utah.
The population of Utah as of 2000 is 2,233,169.