According to legend
was founded in 1209
after a fight with Oxford locals. King Henry III of England
granted them a teaching monopoly in 1231
Along with the University of Oxford, Cambridge University produces a large proportion of Britain's prominent scientists, writers, and politicians; the pair are known as Oxbridge. Both are members of the Russell Group of Universities.
The University is constituted as a group of thirty-one independent colleges. Each college still retains considerable autonomy within the University.
The first college was Peterhouse founded in 1284 by Hugh Balsham, Bishop of Ely. The second-oldest college is King's Hall which was founded in 1317, though it no longer exists as a separate entity. Many other colleges were founded during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. A full list of colleges is given below, though some, such as Michaelhouse (which was combined with King's Hall to make Trinity, by King Henry VII) and Gonville Hall no longer exist.
During those early times the colleges were founded so that their students would pray for the souls of the founders and were often associated with chapels, if not abbeys. In conjunction with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, in 1536 King Henry VIII ordered the University to disband its Faculty of Canon Law and to stop teaching "scholastic philosophy." So instead of focusing on canon law, the colleges' curricula then became centered on the Greek and Latin classics, the Bible, and mathematics.
The first colleges for women were Girton College[?] in 1869 and Newnham College[?] in 1872. The first women students were examined in 1882 but attempts to make women full members of the university did not succeed until 1947, 20 years later than at Oxford. Of the 31 colleges, three are now for women only (Lucy Cavendish, New Hall, and Newnham), and two are for graduate students only (Clare Hall and Darwin).
There are certain number of leisure pursuits associated with Cambridge, such as cricket, rowing (against Oxford) and theatre clubs (the most famous being Footlights).
Colleges of the University of Cambridge
- Christ's College, Cambridge 1505 Website (http://www.christs.cam.ac.uk/)
- Churchill College, Cambridge 1960 Website (http://www.chu.cam.ac.uk/)
- Clare College, Cambridge 1326 Website (http://www.clare.cam.ac.uk/)
- Clare Hall, Cambridge[?] 1965 Website (http://www.clarehall.cam.ac.uk/)
- Corpus Christi College[?] 1352 Website (http://www.corpus.cam.ac.uk/)
- Darwin College, Cambridge[?],1964 Website (http://www.dar.cam.ac.uk/)
- Downing College, Cambridge 1800 Website (http://www.dow.cam.ac.uk/)
- Emmanuel College, Cambridge 1584 Website (http://www.emma.cam.ac.uk/)
- Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge 1966 Website (http://www.fitz.cam.ac.uk/)
- Girton College, Cambridge[?] 1869 Website (http://www.girton.cam.ac.uk/)
- Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge 1348 Website (http://www.cai.cam.ac.uk/)
- Homerton College, Cambridge[?] 1976 Website (http://www.homerton.cam.ac.uk/)
- Hughes Hall, Cambridge[?] 1885 Website (http://www.hughes.cam.ac.uk/)
- Jesus College, Cambridge 1497 Website (http://www.jesus.cam.ac.uk/)
- King's College, Cambridge 1441 Website (http://www.kings.cam.ac.uk/)
- Lucy Cavendish College, Cambridge[?] 1965 Website (http://www.lucy-cav.cam.ac.uk/)
- Magdalene College, Cambridge 1428 Website (http://www.magd.cam.ac.uk/)
- New Hall, Cambridge[?] 1954 Website (http://www.newhall.cam.ac.uk/)
- Newnham College, Cambridge[?] 1871 Website (http://www.newn.cam.ac.uk/)
- Pembroke College, Cambridge 1347 Website (http://www.pem.cam.ac.uk/)
- Peterhouse, Cambridge 1284 Website (http://www.pet.cam.ac.uk/)
- Queens' College, Cambridge[?] 1448 Website (http://www.quns.cam.ac.uk/)
- Robinson College, Cambridge 1979 Website (http://www.robinson.cam.ac.uk/)
- St Catharine's College, Cambridge[?] 1473 Website (http://www.caths.cam.ac.uk/)
- St Edmund's College[?] 1896 Website (http://www.st-edmunds.cam.ac.uk/)
- St John's College, Cambridge 1511 Website (http://www.joh.cam.ac.uk/)
- Selwyn College, Cambridge 1882 Website (http://www.sel.cam.ac.uk/)
- Sidney Sussex College 1596 Website (http://www.sid.cam.ac.uk/)
- Trinity College, Cambridge 1546 Website (http://www.trin.cam.ac.uk/)
- Trinity Hall, Cambridge 1350 Website (http://www.trinhall.cam.ac.uk/)
- Wolfson College, Cambridge[?] 1965 Website (http://www.wolfson.cam.ac.uk/)
Notable persons who attended the University of Cambridge
Notable persons who were awarded an honorary degree from the University of Cambridge
Cambridge Universities in Fiction
All Wikipedia text
is available under the
terms of the GNU Free Documentation License