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University

A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. A university provides both tertiary and quaternary education.

History The first European Medieval universities were established in Italy and France in the Middle Ages for the study of law, medicine, and theology. Before that, similar institutions already existed in the Islamic world, notably in Cairo. The most important Asian university was Nalanda, in Bihar, India, where the second century Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna was based.

In Europe young men proceeded to the university when they had completed the study of the trivium: the preparatory arts of grammar, rhetoric, and logic and the quadrivium: arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy.

In the United Kingdom, a University is instituted by Royal Charter and only institutions with such a charter can award degrees of any kind.

Related terms

academy - admission[?] - alumnus - aula[?] - business schools - campus - college - dean - degree - diploma[?] - discipline[?] - dissertation - faculty - fraternities and sororities - graduate student[?] - graduation - perpetual student - Privatdozent - professor - rector - research - scholar - student - tenure[?] - tuition - universal access

See also: List of colleges and universities, School and university in literature

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