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United States Secretary of the Interior

The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and natural resources. The Secretary is a member of the President's Cabinet.

Secretaries of the Interior
Name Term of Office President(s) served under
Thomas Ewing[?]March 8, 1849 - July 22, 1850Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan[?]August 15, 1850 - August 26, 1850Millard Fillmore
Alexander Hugh Holmes Stuart[?]September 14, 1850 - March 7, 1853Millard Fillmore
Robert McClelland[?]March 8, 1853 - March 9, 1857Franklin Pierce
Jacob Thompson[?]March 10, 1857 - January 8, 1861James Buchanan
Caleb Blood Smith[?]March 5, 1861 - December 31, 1862Abraham Lincoln
John Palmer Usher[?]January 1, 1863 - May 15, 1865Abraham Lincoln
James Harlan[?]May 16, 1865 - August 31, 1866Andrew Johnson
Orville Hickman Browning[?]September 1, 1866 - March 4, 1869Andrew Johnson
Jacob Dolson Cox[?]March 5, 1869 - October 31, 1870Ulysses S. Grant
Columbus Delano[?]November 1, 1870 - September 30, 1875Ulysses S. Grant
Zachariah Chandler[?]October 19, 1875 - March 11, 1877Ulysses S. Grant
Carl SchurzMarch 12, 1877 - March 7, 1881Rutherford B. Hayes
Samuel Jordan Kirkwood[?]March 8, 1881 - April 17, 1882James A. Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
Henry Moore Teller[?]April 18, 1882 - March 3, 1885Chester A. Arthur
Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus LamarMarch 6, 1885 - January 10, 1888Grover Cleveland
William Freeman Vilas[?]January 16, 1888 - March 6, 1889Grover Cleveland
John Willock Noble[?]March 7, 1889 - March 6, 1893Benjamin Harrison
Michael Hoke Smith[?]March 6, 1893 - September 1, 1896Grover Cleveland
David Rowland Francis[?]September 3, 1896 - March 5, 1897Grover Cleveland
Cornelius Newton Bliss[?]March 6, 1897 - February 19, 1899William McKinley
Ethan Allen Hitchcock[?]February 20, 1899 - March 4, 1907William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
James Rudolph Garfield[?]March 5, 1907 - March 5, 1909Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft
Richard Achilles Ballinger[?]March 6, 1909 - March 12, 1911William Howard Taft
Walter Lowrie Fisher[?]March 13, 1911 - March 5, 1913William Howard Taft
Franklin Knight Lane[?]March 6, 1913 - February 29, 1920Woodrow Wilson
John Barton Payne[?]March 15, 1920 - March 4, 1921Woodrow Wilson
Albert Bacon Fall[?]March 5, 1921 - March 4, 1923Warren G. Harding
Hubert Work[?]March 5, 1923 - July 24, 1928Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
Roy Owen West[?]July 25, 1928 - March 4, 1929Calvin Coolidge
Ray Lyman Wilbur[?]March 5, 1929 - March 4, 1933Herbert Hoover
Harold LeClair Ickes[?]March 4, 1933 - February 15, 1946Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
Julius Albert Krug[?]March 18, 1946 - December 1, 1949Harry S. Truman
Oscar Littleton Chapman[?]December 1, 1949 - January 20, 1953Harry S. Truman
Douglas McKay[?]January 21, 1953 - April 15, 1956Dwight D. Eisenhower
Fred Andrew Seaton[?]June 8, 1956 - January 20, 1961Dwight D. Eisenhower
Stewart Lee Udall[?]January 21, 1961 - January 20, 1969John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson
Walter J. Hickel[?]January 24, 1969 - November 25, 1970Richard Nixon
Rogers Clark Ballard Morton[?]January 29, 1971 - April 30, 1975Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
Stanley K. Hathaway[?]June 12, 1975 - October 9, 1975Gerald Ford
Thomas S. Kleppe[?]October 17, 1975 - January 20, 1977Gerald Ford
Cecil B. Andrus[?]January 23, 1977 - January 20, 1981Jimmy Carter
James G. Watt[?]January 23, 1981 - November 8, 1983Ronald Reagan
William Patrick Clark[?]November 18, 1983 - February 7, 1985Ronald Reagan
Donald Paul Hodel[?]February 8, 1985 - January 20, 1989Ronald Reagan
Manuel Lujan, Jr.[?]February 3, 1989 - January 20, 1993George H. W. Bush
Bruce BabbittJanuary 22, 1993 - January 2, 2001Bill Clinton
Gale A. Norton[?]January 31, 2001 - presentGeorge W. Bush

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