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Chester A. Arthur

Chester A. Arthur
Order:21st President
Term of Office:September 20, 1881 - March 4, 1885
Followed:James Garfield
Succeeded by:Grover Cleveland
Date of BirthOctober 5, 1830
Place of Birth:Fairfield, Vermont
Date of Death:November 18, 1886
Place of Death:New York City, New York
Wife:Ellen Lewis Herndon
First Lady:Mary McElroy (sister)
Political Party:Republican
Vice President:none

Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1830 - November 18, 1886) was the 21st (1881-1885) President of the United States.

Arthur became President when James Garfield was assassinated. Before being chosen as Vice President, he had been collector of customs for the port of New York. As such, he was assumed to be benefiting from bribes and corruption. Hence many were surprised when he became an advocate of civil service reform and presided over the passage of the Pendleton Act.

Arthur was born in Fairfield, Franklin County, Vermont on October 5, 1829. He attended the public schools and was graduated from Union College[?], Schenectady, New York, in 1848. He became principal of an academy in North Pownal, Vt. in 1851. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1854, and commenced practice in New York City. He took an active part in the reorganization of the State militia.

During the Civil War, Arthur served as acting quartermaster[?] general of the State in 1861. He was later commissioned as inspector general, and appointed quartermaster general with the rank of brigadier general, and served until 1862. He resumed the practice of law in New York City, and was appointed by President Ulysses Grant as collector of the port of New York[?] 1871-1878.

In 1878 Arthur resumed the practice of law in New York City. He was elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket with President James Garfield for the term beginning March 4, 1881. Upon the death of President Garfield, Arthur became President of the United States on September 20, 1881, and served until March 3, 1885. He returned to New York City where he died November 18, 1886, Interment is in the Rural Cemetery in Albany, New York.

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Preceded by:
James Garfield
Presidents of the United States Succeeded by:
Grover Cleveland

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