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List of Polish rulers

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Poland was ruled by dukes (c.962-1025, 1032-1076, 1079-1295, 1296-1300 and 1306-1320) and kings (1025-1032, 1076-1079, 1295-1296, 1300-1305 and 1320-1795). The best-known dynasties are the Piast (c.962-1370) and Jagiellonian (1386-1572): intervening and subsequent monarchs were often rulers also of neighboring lands, or princes drawn from foreign dynasties. Polish kingship ended after the third Partition in 1795, and independence was restored on a republican basis in 1918.

Table of contents

Early Piast dynasty
Dynastia Piastów (962-1138)

Regional division
Rozbicie dzielnicowe (
1138-1306)

Note: only rulers acknowledged as overlords of all Poland (usually those who inherited the "royal province") are listed.

Piast unification (1306-1370)

Angevin dynasty (House of Capet-Anjou)
Dynastia Andegawenów (1370-1386 ?)

Jagiellonians
Dynastia Jagiellonów (1386-1572)

Electoral kings
Królowie elekcyjni (
1572-1795)

Vasa Kings of Sweden and Poland (1587 - 1668):

Wettin Electors of Saxony of Holy Roman Empire etc (1697-1706, 1709-1766):

Grand Duchy of Warsaw[?]
Ksiestwo Warszawskie (1807-1815) (dependent from France)

Congress Kingdom[?], Kingdom of Poland
Kongresówka, Królestwo Polskie (1815-1832)
(in personal union with Russia)

Republic (since 1918)

See also: Guidelines for the spelling of names of Polish rulers



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