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Casimir III of Poland

Casimir III or the Great (Kazimierz Wielki),(1310-1370), was the son of Wladyslaw Lokietek (Wladyslaw the Elbow High), King of Poland 1305-1333 and Jadwiga.

Casimir the Great married Anna, or Aldona Ona, the daughter of the duke of Lithuania, Gediminas. (and others too...)Their daughter was Cunigunde, who was married to Louis VI the Roman, the son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor.

Casimir then married Adelheid[?] of Hessen.

When Casimir, the last Piast king of Poland, died in 1370, Louis I of Hungary succeeded him to become king of Poland and Hungary .

Casimir is the only Polish king who did receive and maintain the title of the great in Polish history (Boleslaw I Chrobry was once also called the great, but not today), and the title is well deserved. When he received the crown, his hold on it was in danger, as even his neighbours did not recognise his title and instead called him "king of Krakow". The economy was ruined, and country was depopulated and tired with wars. When he left the country, it has doubled in size, grew prosperous, wealthy and had great prospects to the future. Although he is depicted as a peaceful king in children books, he in fact waged many victorious wars and was preparing other ones just before he died.

Although Jews were present in Poland even earlier, Casimir allowed them to settle in Poland in great numbers and protected them as king's people.

He built many new castles, reformed Polish army and Polish civil and criminal law. He founded the University of Krakow, although his death stalled the development of the university (and that's why today it is called Jagiellonian instead of Casimirian).

He organised a meeting of kings in Krakow in 1364 which showed the wealth of Polish kingdom.

(more to come very soon now(c))



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