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Prince Edward Island

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Prince Edward Island
Île-du-Prince-Édouard
(In Detail[?]) (In Detail)
Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (The small under the protection of the great)
CapitalCharlottetown
Area

 - Total
 - % fresh water
13th largest
(10th lgst prov.)

5 660 km²
--
Population
 - Total (2001)
 - Density
Ranked 10th
138 500
24,47/km²
Admittance into Confederation
 - Date
 - Order

1873
8
Time zone UTC -4
Postal information (http://www.canadapost.ca)
Postal abbreviation
Postal code prefix
 
PE
C
ISO 3166-2CA-PE
Parliamentary
representation

 House seats
 Senate seats
 

4
4
PremierPat Binns[?] (P.C.)
Lieutenant-GovernorJ. Léonce Bernard[?]
Government of Prince Edward Island (http://www.gov.pe.ca)
Prince Edward Island (French, l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is Canada's smallest province in terms of both size and population. In 1864, Prince Edward Island hosted the conference that led to the Articles of Confederation and the creation of Canada in 1867. Nevertheless, it only joined Canada as a province in 1873.

PEI is also known as the setting for Lucy Maud Montgomery's Anne of Green Gables series.

The province comprises the island of the same name, located in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence northeast of New Brunswick, from which it is separated by the Northumberland Strait. The strait was recently spanned by Confederation Bridge.

The island has been known in Mi'kmaq[?] as Abegweit, and as part of New France was called Île Saint-Jean. Having taken it over in 1759, the British changed its name to Prince Edward Island in 1798 to disambiguate from other St. Johns in the Atlantic area, such as Saint John, New Brunswick and St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador. It was named for the brother of King George III, Prince Edward, the Duke of Kent, who was then commanding troops in Halifax.

Little known PEI facts:

  • Until 1924, automobiles drove on the left side of the road

See also


Canada
Alberta B.C. Manitoba New Brunswick Nfld.-Lab.
Nova Scotia Ontario P.E.I. Quebec Saskatchewan
N.W.T. Nunavut Yukon



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