|Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Glorious and free)|
- % fresh water
(6th lgst prov.)
647 797 km²
- Total (2001)
1 150 000
12 May 1870
|Time zone||UTC -6|
|Postal information (http://www.canadapost.ca)
Postal code prefix
|Premier||Gary Doer[?] (NDP)|
|Lieutenant-Governor||Peter M. Liba[?]|
|Government of Manitoba (http://www.gov.mb.ca)|
Manitoba is one of Canada's provinces and was the fifth province to join Canada (in 1870). Its capital is Winnipeg. Other towns and cities include Brandon,Thompson[?], Gilbert Plains, Neelin, Churchill[?], The Pas, and Portage la Prairie[?]. See also a List of communities in Manitoba.
Manitoba is located in the longitudinal centre of Canada, one of the Prairie Provinces. It borders on Saskatchewan to the west, Ontario to the east, Nunavut to the north, and the American states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.
The province has a coast with Hudson Bay, and contains the very large Lakes Winnipeg, Manitoba (its namesake), and Winnipegosis. Important watercourses include the Red River, Assiniboine River[?], Nelson River, and Churchill River[?].
The Manitoban climate is severe, though the southern latitudes support extensive agriculture. The northern reaches of the province range through coniferous forests, muskeg, and up to tundra in the far north.
Ojibwa and Assiniboin[?] tribes. The first European to reach present-day Manitoba was Thomas Button[?], who visited the Nelson River in 1612. Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, Sieur de la Vérendrye visited the Red River Valley in the 1730s as part of , opening the area for French exploration and exploitation. The territory came under British control in 1763 as a result of the French and Indian War.