Encyclopedia > Saskatchewan

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(In Detail[?]) (In Detail)
Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (From many peoples, strength)
Largest city

 - Total
 - % fresh water
7th largest
(5th lgst prov.)

651 036 km²
 - Total (2001)
 - Density
Ranked 6th
1 015 800
Admittance into Confederation
 - Date
 - Order

Time zone UTC -6 (no daylight saving)
Postal information (http://www.canadapost.ca)
Postal abbreviation
Postal code prefix
ISO 3166-2CA-SK

 House seats
 Senate seats

PremierLorne Calvert[?] (NDP)
Lieutenant-GovernorLynda M. Haverstock[?]
Government of Saskatchewan (http://www.gov.sk.ca)

Saskatchewan is one of Canada's prairie provinces. It has an area of 651,900 km˛ (251,700 mi˛) and a population of 1,013,035 (January 1, 2002). Most of its population lives in the southern part of the province. The largest city is Saskatoon with a population of 212,000, followed by the province's capital, Regina (population: 187,500). Other major cities include Moose Jaw[?], Prince Albert, Yorkton and Swift Current[?]. See also a List of communities in Saskatchewan.

Saskatchewan is (approximately) a quadrilateral bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the American states of Montana and North Dakota.

The province's name comes from the Saskatchewan River, whose name is Cree for "swift flowing river" (kisiskatchewan).

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Saskatchewan's economy is mostly dominated by agriculture. Wheat is the most familiar crop, and perhaps the one stereotypically associated with the province, but other grains like canola, flax, rye, oats and barley are also produced. Mining is also a major industry in the province, with Sasktchewan being the world leader in potash exports. In the northern part of the province, forestry is significant.

Saskatchewan is also the world's most important supplier of Uranium, and supplies much of the western world's supplies. The Uranium industry is closely regulated by the provincial government which allows the government of Saskatchewan great latitude in setting world uranium prices.


Prior to European settlement, Saskatchewan was settled by Athabaskan[?], Algonquian, and Sioux tribes. The first European to enter Saskatchewan was Henry Kelsey[?] in 1690, who travelled down the Saskatchewan River in hopes of trading fur with the province's indigenous peoples. The first permanent European settlement was a Hudson's Bay Company post at Cumberland House[?] founded by Samuel Hearne[?] in 1774.

In the 1870s settlement of the province started to take off as the Canadian Pacific Railway was built, and the Canadian government gave free land to any willing settlers. The North West Mounted Police set up several forts across Saskatchewan.

The indigenous people were forced onto their own reservations, and the Metis people who had settled there, led by Louis Riel, attempted the North-West Rebellion to form their own government independent from Canada. Riel surrendered after two months and was convicted of treason.

As more settlers came to Saskatchewan on the railway, its population grew and it became a full province in 1905.


Saskatchewan has the same form of government as the other Canadian provinces with a premier, legislature, and lieutenant-governor[?].

For many years Saskatchwan has been one of hte most leftist provinces. In 1944 they elected Tommy Douglas premier, the first socialist elected to major office in North America. Under his government Sakatchewan became the first province to have socialized healthcare[?]. This trend has continued.

During the post-war period the NDP has dominated provincial politics. With first the liberal party becoming all but insignificant and the conservative party imploding and having to be disbanded after the scandal ridden government of Grant Devine[?]. Today the official opposition in the province is the Saskatchewan Party[?], a new right-wing party built out of the remains of the Tories. The current premier of Saskatchewan is the New Democrat Lorne Calvert[?].

See also

Alberta B.C. Manitoba New Brunswick Nfld.-Lab.
Nova Scotia Ontario P.E.I. Quebec Saskatchewan
N.W.T. Nunavut Yukon

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