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North Dakota

North Dakota
(In Detail[?]) (Full size)
State nickname: Peace Garden State

(In Detail)
Capital Bismark
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water
 - % water
Ranked 19th
 183,272 kmē
178,839 kmē
4,432 kmē
 - Total (2000)
 - Density
Ranked 47th
Admittance into Union
 - Order
 - Date

November 2, 1889
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Mountain: UTC-7/-6
Eastern ND is Central, Western is Mountain
45°55'N to 49°N
97°W to 104°W
340 km
545 km
1,069 meters
580 meters
229 meters
ISO 3166-2:US-ND

North Dakota is a state of the United States, named after the Lakota (Sioux) Native American Indians. Its U.S. postal abbreviation is ND.

USS North Dakota was named in honor of this state.

Table of contents

History North Dakota got its name from the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians who lived on the plains before the Europeans arrived. "Dakota" means "friend". North Dakota was admitted to the Union as the 39th state on November 2, 1889. On the same day, South Dakota was admitted.

Law and Government

The capital of North Dakota is Bismarck and its governor is John Hoeven[?] (Republican). Its two U.S. senators are Kent Conrad[?] (Democrat) and Byron L. Dorgan[?] (Democrat). Its congressman is Earl Pomeroy[?] (Democrat).

See: List of North Dakota Governors

Geography See: List of North Dakota counties

North Dakota is bordered on the north by Canada, on the west by Montana, on the south by South Dakota, and on the east, across the Red River of the North, by Minnesota. The Missouri River runs through much of the state. It is mainly a farm state and most of its industries (food processing and farm equipment) are connected to farming. Farms and ranches stretch from the flat Red River Valley, in the east, across rolling plains, to the rugged Badlands in the west.


North Dakota's 1999 total gross state product was $17 billion, the smallest in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $25,068, placing it 38th in the nation. The state's agricultural outputs are wheat, cattle, barley, sunflowers, milk, and sugar beets. Its industrial outputs are food processing, machinery, mining, and tourism.

Demographics As of the 2000 census, the population of North Dakota is 642,200. Its population grew 0.5% (3,400) from its 1990 levels. According to the 2000 census, 92.4% (593,181) identified themselves as White, 1.2% (7,786) as Hispanic or Latino, 0.6% (3,916) as black, 0.6% (3,606) as Asian, 4.9% (31,329) as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.04% (230) as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0.4% (2,540) as other, and 1.2% (7,398) identified themselves as belonging to two or more races.

6.1% of its population were reported as under 5, 25% under 18, and 14.7% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.1% of the population.

Important Cities and Towns Major cities are Grand Forks and Fargo.


Colleges and Universities

Miscellaneous Information

Counties: 53
Bird: Western Meadowlark[?]
Flower: Prairie Rose[?]
Tree: American Elm
Nicknames: Roughrider State, Flickertail State, Peace Garden State

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