|State nickname: Peace Garden State|
- % water
Ranked 19th |
- Total (2000)
|Admittance into Union
November 2, 1889
Eastern ND is Central, Western is Mountain
45°55'N to 49°N|
97°W to 104°W
340 km |
USS North Dakota was named in honor of this state.
History North Dakota got its name from the Dakota division of the Sioux Indians who lived on the plains before the Europeans arrived. "Dakota" means "friend". North Dakota was admitted to the Union as the 39th state on November 2, 1889. On the same day, South Dakota was admitted.
The capital of North Dakota is Bismarck and its governor is John Hoeven[?] (Republican). Its two U.S. senators are Kent Conrad[?] (Democrat) and Byron L. Dorgan[?] (Democrat). Its congressman is Earl Pomeroy[?] (Democrat).
North Dakota is bordered on the north by Canada, on the west by Montana, on the south by South Dakota, and on the east, across the Red River of the North, by Minnesota. The Missouri River runs through much of the state. It is mainly a farm state and most of its industries (food processing and farm equipment) are connected to farming. Farms and ranches stretch from the flat Red River Valley, in the east, across rolling plains, to the rugged Badlands in the west.
North Dakota's 1999 total gross state product was $17 billion, the smallest in the nation. Its 2000 Per Capita Personal Income was $25,068, placing it 38th in the nation. The state's agricultural outputs are wheat, cattle, barley, sunflowers, milk, and sugar beets. Its industrial outputs are food processing, machinery, mining, and tourism.
Demographics As of the 2000 census, the population of North Dakota is 642,200. Its population grew 0.5% (3,400) from its 1990 levels. According to the 2000 census, 92.4% (593,181) identified themselves as White, 1.2% (7,786) as Hispanic or Latino, 0.6% (3,916) as black, 0.6% (3,606) as Asian, 4.9% (31,329) as American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.04% (230) as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander 0.4% (2,540) as other, and 1.2% (7,398) identified themselves as belonging to two or more races.
6.1% of its population were reported as under 5, 25% under 18, and 14.7% were 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.1% of the population.