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Fruits of temperate climates are almost universally borne on trees or woody shrubs or lianas[?]. They will not grow adequately in the tropics, as they need a period of cold (a chilling requirement) each year before they will flower. The apple, pear, cherry, and plum are the most widely grown and eaten, owing to their adaptability. Many other fruits are important regionally but do not figure prominently in commerce. Many sorts of fruit on this list are gathered from the wild, just as they were in Neolithic times.
The family Rosaceae dominates the temperate fruits, both in numbers and in importance. The pome fruits, stone fruits, brambles, and strawberry are all members of Rosaceae.
The pome[?] fruits:
Other berries (not in Ericaceae):
Some tree fruits native to North America:
Some exceptions to the statement that temperate fruits grow on woody perrenials are:
The false fruits are not botanically fruits at all but are used as fruits in the kitchen:
Fruits in this category are not hardy to extreme cold, as the preceding temperate fruits are, yet tolerate some frost and may have a modest chilling requirement. Notable among these are natives of the Mediterranean:
In the important genus Citrus some members are tropical, tolerating no frost. All common species of commerce are somewhat hardy:
Other subtropical fruits:
Tropical fruit grow on plants of all habits. The only characteristic that they share is an intolerance of frost.