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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Rhamnales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
   Vitis acerifolia[?]
   Vitis aestivalis[?]
   Vitis amurensis[?]
   Vitis arizonica[?]
   Vitis X bourquina[?]
   Vitis californica[?]
   Vitis X champinii[?]
   Vitis cinerea[?]
   Vitis X doaniana[?]
   Vitis girdiana[?]
   Vitis labrusca[?]
   Vitis X labruscana[?]
   Vitis monticola[?]
   Vitis mustangensis[?]
   Vitis X novae-angliae[?]
   Vitis palmata[?]
   Vitis riparia[?]
   Vitis rotundifolia[?]
   Vitis rupestris[?]
   Vitis shuttleworthii[?]
   Vitis tiliifolia[?]
   Vitis vinifera[?]
   Vitis vulpina[?]

Ref. Itis 500017 (http://www.itis.usda.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=500017)

A grape is the fruit of the vine in the family Vitaceae. It is commonly used for making grape juice, jelly, wine and raisins, and is eaten raw. Many species of grape exist including:

  • Vitis vinifera, the European winemaking grapes
  • Vitis labrusca, the North American table and grape juice grapes, sometimes used for wine
  • Vitis riparia, a wild grape of North America, sometimes used for winemaking
  • Vitis rotundifolia, the muscadines, used for jelly and sometimes wine
  • Vitis aestivalis, the variety Norton is used for winemaking

Hybrids also exist, primarily crosses of V. vinifera with one or more varieties of V. labrusca, V. riparia or V. aestivalis. Hybrids tend to be less susceptible to frost and disease (notably phylloxera), but their wine has little of the characteristic "foxy" odor of labrusca.

Wild grapes are often considered a nuisance weed as they cover other plants and form thick entangling vines.

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See also

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