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Admiralty

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This article is about the naval armed forces of the United Kingdom. For information on maritime law, see admiralty law.
The Admiralty (officially Lords Commissioners for Executing the Office of Lord High Admiral) or the Board of the Admiralty is a division of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence overseeing the affairs of the Royal Navy.

The office of 'Admiral of England', or 'Lord Admiral' and later 'Lord High Admiral' was created in approximately 1400. In 1546 King Henry VIII established the 'Council of the Marine' later to became the 'Navy Board' to oversee administrative affairs of the naval service. Operational control of the Navy remained the responsibility of the 'Lord High Admiral'.

In 1628, Charles I put the office of 'Lord High Admiral' into commission and control of the Royal Navy passed to a committee in the form of 'the Board of the Admiralty'. Control of the Navy was passed to and from the board and the 'Lord High Admiral' a number of times until 1709 when the powers of the 'Lord High Admiral' were legally enshrined in 'the Board of the Admiralty' and its ministerial president the 'First Lord of the Admiralty'.

In 1831 the Navy Board was abolished as a separate entity and its duties and responsibilities were given over to the Admiralty. In 1964 the Admiralty was subsumed into the Ministry of Defence along with the War Office[?] and the Air Ministry.

Table of contents

Lord High Admirals, 1413-1628

Lord High Admirals and First Lords of the Admiralty, 1628-1709

First Lords of the Admiralty, 1709-1964

incomplete?

Admirals of the Fleet, 1795-1827

First Sea Lords, 1828-Present

  • Sir George Cockburn 1828-1830
  • Sir Thomas Hardy 1830-1834
  • Sir George Dundas 1834
  • Sir Charles Adam 1834
  • Sir George Cockburn 1834-1835
  • Sir Charles Adam 1835-1841
  • Sir George Cockburn 1841-1846
  • Sir William Parker 1846
  • Sir Charles Adam 1846-1847
  • Sir James Dundas 1847-1852
  • Maurice Fitzhardinge-Berkeley, Baron Fitzhardinge 1852
  • Hyde Parker 1852-1854
  • Baron Fitzhardinge 1854-1857
  • Sir Richard Dundas 1857-1858
  • Sir William Martin 1858-1859
  • Sir Richard Dundas 1859-1861
  • Sir Frederick Grey 1861-1866
  • Sir Alexander Milne 1866-1868
  • Sir Sydney Dacres 1868-1872
  • Sir Alexander Milne 1872-1876
  • Sir Hastings Yelverston 1876-1877
  • Sir George Wellesley 1877-1879
  • Sir Astley Cooper-Key 1879-1885
  • Arthur Hood, Baron Hood of Avalon 1885-1886
  • Sir John Hay 1886
  • Baron Hood of Avalon 1886-1889
  • Sir Vesey Hamilton 1889-1891
  • Sir Anthony Hoskins 1891-1893
  • Sir Frederick Richards 1893-1899
  • Lord Walter Kerr 1899-1904
  • Sir John Fisher 1904-1910
  • Sir Arthur Wilson 1910-1911
  • Sir Francis Bridgeman 1911-1912
  • Prince Louis of Battenberg[?] 1912-1914
  • Sir John Fisher 1914-1915
  • Sir Henry Jackson 1915-1916
  • John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe 1916-1917
  • Rosslyn Wemyss, Baron Wester Wemyss of Wemyss 1917-1919
  • David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby 1919-1927
  • Sir Charles Madden 1927-1930
  • Sir Frederick Field 1930-1933
  • Ernle Chatfield, Baron Chatfield 1933-1938
  • Sir Roger Backhouse 1938-1939
  • Sir Dudley Pound 1939-1943
  • Andrew Cunningham, Viscount Cunningham of Hyundhope 1943-1946
  • Sir John Cunningham 1946-1948
  • Bruce Fraser, Baron Fraser of North Cape 1948-1951
  • Sir Rhoderick McGrigor 1951-1955
  • Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma 1955-1959
  • Sir Charles Lambe 1959-1960
  • Sir Caspar John 1960-1963
  • Sir David Luce 1963-1966
  • Sir Varyl Begg 1966-1968
  • Sir Michael Lefanu 1968-1970
  • Peter Hill-Norton, Baron Hill-Norton of South Nuffield 1970-1971
  • Sir Michael Pollock 1971-1974
  • Sir Edward Ashmore 1974-1977
  • Terence Lewin, Baron Lewin of Greenwich 1977-1979
  • Sir Henry Leach 1979-1982
  • John Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse 1982-1985
  • Sir William Staveley 1985-1989
  • Sir Julian Oswald 1989-1993
  • Sir Benjamin Bathurst 1993-1995
  • Sir Jock Slater 1995-1998
  • Sir Michael Boyce 1998-2001
  • Sir Nigel Essenhigh 2001-2002
  • Sir Alan West 2002-present



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