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USS Maryland (ACR-8)

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Career
Laid down:7 October 1901
Launched:12 September 1903
Commissioned:18 April 1905
Decommissioned:14 February 1922
Fate:sold
General Characteristics
Displacement:13,680 tons
Length:503.9 ft
Beam:69.7 ft
Draft:26 ft
Speed:22.4 knots
Complement:890 officers and men
Armament:4 x 8-inch guns, 14 x 6-inch guns, 18 x 3-inch guns, 2 x 18-inch torpedo tubes

The second USS Maryland (ACR-8), also referred to "Armored Cruiser 8", and later renamed Frederick, was a United States Navy Pennsylvania-class[?] armored cruiser.

She was laid down by the Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia, 7 October 1901, launched 12 September 1903, sponsored by Miss Jennie Scott Waters[?]; and commissioned 18 April 1905, Capt. R. R. Ingersoll[?] in command.

In October 1905, following shakedown, Maryland joined the Atlantic Fleet for operations along the east coast and in the Caribbean, where she took part in the 1906 winter maneuvers off Cuba. The next summer, she conducted a training cruise for Massachusetts Naval Militiamen[?], and then readied for transfer to the Pacific. Departing Newport 8 September 1906, she sailed, via San Francisco and Hawaii, for the Asiatic Station[?] where she remained until October 1907. She then returned to San Francisco and for the next decade she cruised throughout the Pacific, participating in survey missions to Alaska (1912 and 1913); carrying Secretary of State Knox[?] to Tokyo for the funeral of Emperor Meiji Tenno[?] (September 1912); steaming off the Central American coast to aid, if necessary, Americans endangered by political turmoil in Mexico and Nicaragua (1913, 1914, and 1916); and making numerous training cruises to Hawaii and the South-Central Pacific.

When Congress declared war on Germany, 6 April 1917, the armored cruiser, renamed Frederick on 9 November 1916, was en route from Puget Sound to San Francisco. Taking on men and supplies at the latter port, she got underway for the Atlantic. From May 1917 through January 1918, she patrolled the southeastern Atlantic off the coast of South America. On 1 February, she was assigned to escort duty in the North Atlantic and until the signing of the Armistice she convoyed troopships east of the 37th meridian. By 20 November, she was attached to the Cruiser and Destroyer Force and before mid-1919 had completed six round trips returning troops from France. Detached from that duty, she entered the Philadelphia Navy Yard where she was briefly placed in reduced commission.

Frederick crossed the Atlantic again, carrying the US Olympic Team[?] to Antwerp, Belgium, as she conducted a naval reservist training cruise in July of 1920. At the end of that year she returned to the Pacific Fleet. Serving as flagship of the Train, Pacific Fleet, for the next year, she conducted only one lengthy cruise, to South America in March 1921. Operations off the west coast took up the remainder of her active duty career and on 14 February 1922 she decommissioned and entered the Reserve Fleet[?] at Mare Island[?]. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register 13 November 1929 and sold 11 February 1930.

In 1921, the Frederick was used for several scenes in Harold Lloyd's first full-length film, the comedy A Sailor-Made Man[?]. Camera (vol. 4, no. 29, p. 8) mentions a dinner party for the cast that was given by the officers of the ship.

External Link

See USS Maryland for other Navy ships of the same name.

This article includes information collected from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.



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