Encyclopedia > Strait

  Article Content


A strait is a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. The terms strait, channel, and passage are synonymous and are usually interchangeable. Many straits are economically important. Straits usually lie on important shipping routes, and many wars have been fought for control of these straits. Artificial straits, called canals, have been constructed to connect two bodies of water over land.

Well-known straits in the world include the English Channel, between England and France, and connects the North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean; the Strait of Gibraltar, which is the only passage between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea; the Bosporus and the Dardanelles, which connects the Mediterranean and the Black Sea; and the Straits of Malacca, which lies between Malaysia and Sumatra and connects the Indian Ocean with the South China Sea.

Straits are the duals of isthmuses. That is, while straits lie between two land masses and connects two larger bodies of water, isthmuses lie between two bodies of water and connects two larger land masses.

See also physical geography.

Straits of the World

All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
  Featured Article
East Islip, New York

... with 28.5% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For ...

This page was created in 39.1 ms