Encyclopedia > Siberia

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Siberia is the Asian (eastern) part of Russia; it is a region in northern Asia, extending from the Ural Mountains to the Russian Far East, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean and on the south by Kazakhstan, Mongolia and China.

Siberia makes up roughly three-quarters of the total area of Russia. Much of it is swampland ill-suited to agriculture; other large areas (the taiga) are forested. The northernmost parts comprise extremely cold tundra.

The political divisions of Siberia include:

Other cities include:

Lakes and rivers include:

While not well suited for agriculture, Siberia has important mineral resources.


Siberia was used as a penal colony as early as the 17th century.

See History of Siberia.

See also: Evenki, Chukchis, Tunguska, Abakansk, Yukaghirs.

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