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Latin names of European cities

Until the Modern Era[?], Latin was the common language for scholarship and mapmaking. During the 19th and 20th centuries, German scholars in particular have made significant contributions to the study of historical place names, or Ortsnamenkunde. These studies have, in turn, contributed to the study of Genealogy. For genealogists and historians of pre-Modern Europe, knowing alternate names of places is vital to extracting information from both public and private records. Even specialists in this field point out, however, that the information can be easily taken out of context, since there is a great deal of repetition of place-names throughout Europe; reliance purely on apparent connections should therefore be tempered with valid historical methodology. One caveat that must be observed, however, is that even Latin place-names are not always exclusive to one place -- for example, there were several Roman cities whose names began with Colonia and then a more descriptive term. During the Middle Ages, these were often shortened to just Colonia. One of these, Colonia Agrippinensis, retains the name today in the form of Cologne.

The following table begins to offer equivalents to more modern place-names.

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Following is a List of Cities stating the Latin and equivalent English name (s)

LatinEnglish Name, [(other name(s))] or [older name(s)], [province], [state]
AcaunumSaint-Maurice[?], Valais, Switzerland
Urbs AqvensisAachen (Aix-la-Chapelle)
Ad FinesPfyn[?], Thurgau[?], Switzerland
Ad MediamBăile Herculane, Romania
Ad PirumHrušica[?]
Ad MediamMehadia[?],Romania
Aegida, Capris, Caput HistriaeKoper[?], Slovenia
Agrippina RomanorumCologne (Köln), Germany
AlbintimiliumVentimiglia[?]
AlbonaLabin[?]
AlostumAalst
AmivadumAmersfoort
AmmurianumMurano, Italy
AncyraAnkara, Turkey
AnderlacumAnderlecht, Belgium
AndernachensisAndernach[?]
ApuaniaMassa Carrara
Apulum Alba Iulia[?], Romania
Aqua SulisBath
Aqua VillaeBadenweiler, Germany
Aquae HelveticaeBaden, Aargau, Switzerland
AquincumBudapest, Hungary
Arbor FelixArbon[?], Thurgau[?], Switzerland
ArconisiumRacconigi[?]
ArdeaArdea[?]
ArdotaliaGamesley near Glossop
ArelateArles
ArenacumArnhem, Netherlands
ArgentoratumStrasbourg, France
AriminumRimini, Italy
AssindriaEssen
Asturica AugustaAstorga
AternumPescara[?], Italy
AtransTrojane[?], Slovenia
AtrebatumArras
AugustaAugusta[?]
Augusta ArgentorateStrasbourg
Augusta PerusiaPerugia, Italy
Augusta Praetoria SalassorumAosta[?], Italy
Augusta RauricaKaiseraugst[?] (Augst[?]), Switzerland
Augusta TaurinorumTurin, Italy
Augusta TreverorumTrier (Treves)
Augusta VindelicorumAugsburg, Germany
AureliaOrléans
AventicumAvenches[?], Vaud[?], Switzerland
BadensisBaden, Germany
BaetuloBadalona
BarcinoBarcelona, Spain
BasiliaBasel, Basel-City, Switzerland
BenacusGarda[?]
BeneventumBenevento
BerolinensisBerlin, Germany
BerytusBeirut (Bayrut), Lebanon
BremensisBremen, Germany
BrigantiumBregenz, Austria
BrundisiumBrindisi[?]
BoreanaBurano
BrixiaBrescia[?], Italy
BurdigalaBordeaux, France
ByzantiumIstanbul(Constantinople), Turkey
Caesar AugustaSaragossa
CalatisMangalia[?], Romania
CalcariaTadcaster[?]
CalisiaKalisz, Poland
CamulodunumColchester, United Kingdom
CantabriaCambridge
Carnium, CarnioburgumKranj[?], Slovenia
Carthago NovaCartagena
CastraAjdovščina, Slovenia
Castra ReginaRegensburg, Germany
CeleiaCelje, Slovenia
Centum CellaeCivitavecchia[?]
Civitas Sancti RomuliSanremo[?], Sancti Remi, San Remu, San Remo
ClagenfurtumKlagenfurt (Celovec), Austria
Colonia Claudia Ara AgrippinensisCologne (Köln)
Colonia Ulpia Traiana, SarmizegethusaUlpia Traiana[?], Romania
ConfluentiaKoblenz, Aargau, Switzerland
ConstantinopelIstanbul, Byzantium
CordubaCordóba
CostancConstance
CracoviensisKrakow, Poland
CuriaChur, Graubünden, Switzerland
DevaChester, United Kingdom
DiernaOrsova[?], Romania
DrobetaDrobeta Turnu Severin[?], Romania
DubrisDover
Durovernum CantiacorumCanterbury, United Kingdom
DyrrhachiumDurrës[?]
EboracumYork
EburodunumYverdon-les-Bains[?], Vaud[?], Switzerland
EindoviaEindhoven, Netherlands
ElbingensisElbląg, formerly known as Elbing, Poland
EmbdensisEmden
Emerita AugustaMérida
Emona, Aemona, LabacumLjubljana, Slovenia
ErffordensisErfurt
Firmum (Picenum)Fermo[?]
FlanonaPlomin[?]
FlorentiaFirenze (Florence), Italy
FlumenRijeka[?], Fiume, Terra Sancti Viti, Croatia
FormioRižana[?]
FrancofurtensisFrankfurt am Main, Germany
GadesCadiz
GedanensisGdansk, Danzig
GenavaGeneva, Geneva, Switzerland
GenoaGenova, Italy
Glevum ColoniaGloucester, United Kingdom
GoslariensisGoslar
HafniaCopenhagen (Kĝbenhavn)
Hale SueviceHall in Schwaben[?]
HamburgensisHamburg (Hammaburg), Germany
IlerdaLleida
InteramnaTerni (Nahars)
IscaExeter
Isca SiluriumCaerleon
JuennaPodjuna[?]
JuvavumSalzburg, Austria
LauriacumLorch[?], Germany
LentiaLinz, Austria
Lindum ColoniaLincoln, England
LithopolisKamnik[?], Slovenia
LondiniumLondon, United Kingdom
Longatico, LongaticumLogatec[?], Slovenia
LousonnaLausanne, Vaud[?], Switzerland
LubicensisLuebeck, Lubeke[?]
LugdunumLyon, France
LupiaeLecce[?], Italy
LutetiaParis, France
MagdeburgensisMagdeburg
MamuciumManchester, United Kingdom
MarburgumMaribor, Slovenia
MassiliaMarseilles, France
MediolanumMilan (Milano), Italy
MisnensisMeissen
Moguncia, Moguntia, MogontiacumMainz
Mosa TraiectumMaastricht, Netherlands
MutinaModena, Italy]
NaissusNiš
NapocaCluj-Napoca, Romania
NarboNarbonne
NauportusVrhnika[?], Slovenia
NeapolisNaples (Napoli), Italy
Neapolis-AemoniaNovigrad[?], Croatia
NemaususNîmes, France
NesactiumVisače[?]
NeviodunumDrnovo[?], Slovenia
NoreiaNeumarkt[?], Austria
NorimbergensisNuremberg, Germany
Noviomagus, NoviomagensisNijmegen, Noyon
Noviodunum (Colonia Iulia Equestris)Nyon[?], Vaud[?], Switzerland
Novio RitoNiort[?]
OctodurumMartigny[?], Valais, Switzerland
OdessusVarna
OeniponsInnsbruck, Austria
OlisipioLisbon (Lisboa)
OvilavaWels, Austria
OxoniaOxford, United Kingdom
PanormusPalermo, Italy
ParentiumPoreč[?], Croatia
PataviumPadua (Padova), Italy
PetinaPićan[?]
PiquentumBuzet[?], Croatia
PisaurumPesaro[?], Italy
PlacentiaPiacenza, Italy
PoetovioPtuj[?], Slovenia
PolaPula[?], Croatia
Portus NaonisPordenone[?]
PotaissaTurda[?], Romania
PyrrhanumPiran[?], Slovenia
RagusaDubrovnik, Croatia
RhegiumReggio di Calabria
RigensisRiga, Latvia
RatisbonRegensburg
RociumRoč
RomaRome, Italy
RotomagusRouen
SablonesVenlo
SalmanticaSalamanca
SamarobrivaAmiens, France
Saresberia/ServiodunumSalisbury, England
ScodraShkodër[?]
SerdicaSofia, Bulgaria
Silva Ducis's-Hertogenbosch/Den Bosch
SingidunumBelgrade (Beograd), Yugoslavia
SipontumManfredonia[?]
SirmiumSremska Mitrovica[?]
Solodurum/SalodurumSolothurn, Switzerland
StabiaeCastellammare di Stabia[?]
TarracoTarragona
TergestumTrieste (Trst), Italy
Tifernum Tiberinum[[Citt`a di Castello]]
ToletumToledo, Spain
TolosaToulouse, France
TomisConstanta[?], Romania
TornacumTournai, Doornik
TraiectumUtrecht, Netherlands
Traiectum ad MosamMaastricht
TrapezusTrabzon, Trebizond
TridentumTrento, Italy
TuricumZurich, Switzerland
TuronensisTours, France
TremoniensisDortmund, Germany
UrbaOrbe[?], Vaud[?], Switzerland
VaradinumOradea[?], Romania
VarsoviaWarsaw, Poland
VeldidenaWilten[?], Austria
VelitraeVelletri[?]
Venta BelgarumWinchester, United Kingdom
VenusiaVenosa[?]
VerulamiumSt. Alban's[?], United Kingdom
VesontioBesançon
VibiscumVevey[?], Vaud[?], Switzerland
VindobonaVienna, Austria
VindonissaWindisch[?], Aargau, Switzerland
VitudurumWinterthur[?], Zurich, Switzerland
ViroconiumWroxeter[?]
VirunumMaria Saal[?] (Gospa Sveta), Austria
VolsiniumBolsena[?]

partial list

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