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Zurich (in German, Zürich) is the largest city in Switzerland (population 350,000). The origin of the name is most likely the Celtic word Turus, a corroborating reference to which was found on a tomb inscription dating from the Roman occupation in the 2nd century AD. The city is Switzerland's main commercial and banking centre, and home to Switzerland's largest airport.

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Situated where the river Limmat leaves the Lake Zurich, surrounded by wooded hills. The river Sihl[?] meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the the Swiss National Museum (Landesmuseum).


  • Grossmünster (great minster) (near Lake Zurich, in the old city), where Zwingli was pastor
  • Fraumünster (our lady's minster) first church built before 874; the Romanesque choir dates from 1250*70; Marc Chagall stained glass choir windows; (on the opposite side of the Limmat)
  • St. Peter (downstream of Fraumünster, in the old city); with the largest clock face in Europe
  • Lindenhof (lime court), near St. Peter; site of the Roman and medieval castle. View over river and old town.
  • Guild houses along the river (downstream Grossmünster)
  • Old town on both sides of the river
  • Bahnhofstrasse (shopping avenue) starting at main train station
  • Landesmuseum (directly opposite Zürich's main train station.)
  • Art Museum (Kunsthaus Zürich)
  • Zoological garden

Industry and commerce

UBS, Credit Suisse and many private banks have their headquarters in Zurich. Commercial center of Switzerland.


Education and research


  • settlement in the Bronze age
  • Roman town
  • Free imperial town
  • Joined Swiss confederation in 1351 (then not one country but a confederation of eight independent states)
  • Zwingli started the Swiss reformation when main preacher in Zurich (lived there from 1518 to his death in 1531).

Famous children of Zurich


External links

Fraumünster church

St. Peter

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