Encyclopedia > Zurich

  Article Content

Zurich

Zurich (in German, Zürich) is the largest city in Switzerland (population 350,000). The origin of the name is most likely the Celtic word Turus, a corroborating reference to which was found on a tomb inscription dating from the Roman occupation in the 2nd century AD. The city is Switzerland's main commercial and banking centre, and home to Switzerland's largest airport.

Table of contents

Geography

Situated where the river Limmat leaves the Lake Zurich, surrounded by wooded hills. The river Sihl[?] meets with the Limmat at the end of Platzspitz, which borders the the Swiss National Museum (Landesmuseum).

Sights

  • Grossmünster (great minster) (near Lake Zurich, in the old city), where Zwingli was pastor
  • Fraumünster (our lady's minster) first church built before 874; the Romanesque choir dates from 1250*70; Marc Chagall stained glass choir windows; (on the opposite side of the Limmat)
  • St. Peter (downstream of Fraumünster, in the old city); with the largest clock face in Europe
  • Lindenhof (lime court), near St. Peter; site of the Roman and medieval castle. View over river and old town.
  • Guild houses along the river (downstream Grossmünster)
  • Old town on both sides of the river
  • Bahnhofstrasse (shopping avenue) starting at main train station
  • Landesmuseum (directly opposite Zürich's main train station.)
  • Art Museum (Kunsthaus Zürich)
  • Zoological garden

Industry and commerce

UBS, Credit Suisse and many private banks have their headquarters in Zurich. Commercial center of Switzerland.

Sport

Education and research

History

  • settlement in the Bronze age
  • Roman town
  • Free imperial town
  • Joined Swiss confederation in 1351 (then not one country but a confederation of eight independent states)
  • Zwingli started the Swiss reformation when main preacher in Zurich (lived there from 1518 to his death in 1531).

Famous children of Zurich

Airports

External links


Fraumünster church

St. Peter



All Wikipedia text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

 
  Search Encyclopedia

Search over one million articles, find something about almost anything!
 
 
  
  Featured Article
Daly City, California

... population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. There are 30,775 households out of which 34.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% are married ...