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ISO 639

ISO 639 is an international standard which lists short codes for language names.

From the ISO official website there are two items for ISO 639:

  • ISO 639-1:2002 Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code
  • ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 2: Alpha-3 code

In other words, there are two-letter codes and three-letter codes (sorted by language name in the third column!). For 22 languages exist two 3-letter-codes. The first is bibliographic (ISO 639-1/B) the second for terminological (ISO 639-2/T) use.

See also: language families and languages, list of languages, list of official languages

Table of contents
1 A
2 B
3 C
4 D
5 E
6 F
7 G
8 H
9 I
1 External links

A

 abk      ab    Abkhazian
 ace            Achinese[?]
 ach            Acoli[?]
 ada            Adangme[?]
 ady            Adyghe[?]; Adygei 
 aar      aa    Afar[?]
 afh            Afrihili[?]
 afr      af    Afrikaans
 afa            Afro-Asiatic[?] (Other)
 aka            Akan[?]
 akk            Akkadian
 alb/sqi  sq    Albanian
 ale            Aleut
 alg            Algonquian languages[?]
 tut            Altaic (Other)
 amh      am    Amharic
 apa            Apache languages[?]
 ara      ar    Arabic
 arc            Aramaic
 arg      an    Aragonese[?]
 arn            Araucanian[?]
 arp            Arapaho
 arw            Arawak
 arm/hye  hy    Armenian
 art            Artifical (Other)
 asm      as    Assamese
 ast            Asturian[?]
 ath            Athapascan languages[?]
 map            Austronesian (Other)
 ava            Avaric[?]
 ave            Avestan
 awa            Awadhi[?]
 aym      ay    Aymara
 aze      az    Azerbaijani
 nah            Aztec

B

 ban            Balinese
 bat            Baltic (Other)
 bal            Baluchi[?]
 bam            Bambara
 bai            Bamileke languages[?]
 bad            Banda
 bnt            Bantu (Other)
 bas            Basa[?]
 bak      ba    Bashkir[?]
 baq/eus  eu    Basque
 bej            Beja[?]
 bem            Bemba[?]
 ben      bn    Bengali
 ber            Berber (Other)
 bho            Bhojpuri[?]
 bih      bh    Bihari[?]
 bik            Bikol[?]
 bin            Bini[?]
 bis      bi    Bislama
 bra            Braj[?]
 bre      be    Breton
 bug            Buginese[?]
 bul      bg    Bulgarian
 bua            Buriat[?]
 bur/mya  my    Burmese[?]
 bel      be    Byelorussian[?]

C

 cad            Caddo[?]
 car            Carib
 cat      ca    Catalan
 cau            Caucasian (Other)
 ceb            Cebuano[?]
 cel            Celtic (Other)
 cai            Central American Indian[?] (Other)
 chg            Chagatai[?]
 cha            Chamorro[?]
 che            Chechen
 chr            Cherokee
 chy            Cheyenne
 chb            Chibcha[?]
 chi/zho  zh    Chinese
 chn            Chinook jargon[?]
 cho            Choctaw
 chu            Church Slavic[?]
 chv            Chuvash[?]
 cop            Coptic
 cor            Cornish
 cos      co    Corsican
 cre            Cree
 mus            Creek
 crp            Creoles and Pidgins (Other)
 cpe            Creoles and Pidgins, English-based[?] (Other)
 cpf            Creoles and Pidgins, French-based[?] (Other)
 cpp            Creoles and Pidgins, Portuguese-based[?] (Other)
 cus            Cushitic[?] (Other)
 crh            Crimean Tatar[?]
 scr      hr    Croatian
 cze/ces  cs    Czech

D

 dak            Dakota
 dan      da    Danish
 dar            Dargwa[?]
 del            Delaware
 din            Dinka[?]
 div            Divehi[?]
 doi            Dogri[?]
 dra            Dravidian (Other)
 dua            Duala
 dut/nld  nl    Dutch
 dum            Dutch, Middle[?] (ca. 1050-1350)
 dyu            Dyula[?]
 dzo      dz    Dzongkha[?]

E

 efi            Efik[?]
 egy            Egyptian (Ancient)[?]
 eka            Ekajuk[?]
 elx            Elamite[?]
 eng      en    English
 enm            English, Middle (ca. 1100-1500)
 ang            English, Old (ca. 450-1100)
 myv            Erzya[?]
 esk            Eskimo[?] (Other)
 epo      eo    Esperanto
 est      et    Estonian
 ewe            Ewe
 ewo            Ewondo[?]

F

 fan            Fang[?]
 fat            Fanti[?]
 fao      fo    Faroese[?]
 fij      fj    Fijian[?]
 fin      fi    Finnish
 fiu            Finno-Ugrian languages[?] (Other)
 fon            Fon[?]
 fra/fre  fr    French
 frm            French, Middle[?] (ca. 1400-1600)
 fro            French, Old[?] (842- ca. 1400)
 fry      fy    Frisian
 ful            Fulah[?]

G

 gaa            Ga
 gla      gd    Gaelic (Scots)[?]
 glg      gl    Gallegan[?]
 lug      lg    Ganda[?]
 gay            Gayo
 gez            Geez[?]
 geo/kat  ka    Georgian
 ger/deu  de    German
 gmh            German, Middle High[?] (ca. 1050-1500)
 goh            German, Old High[?] (ca. 750 - 1050)
 gem            Germanic languages (Other)
 gil            Gilbertese[?]
 gon            Gondi[?]
 got            Gothic
 grb            Grebo[?]
 grc            Greek, Ancient[?] (to 1453)
 gre/ell  el    Greek, Modern[?] (1453 -)
 kal      kl    Greenlandic
 grn      gn    Guarani
 guj      gu    Gujarati

H

 hai            Haida
 hat      ht    Haitian[?]; Haitian Creole 
 hau      ha    Hausa
 haw            Hawaiian
 heb      he    Hebrew
 her      hz    Herero[?]
 hil            Hiligaynon[?]
 him            Himachali[?]
 hin      hi    Hindi
 hmo      ho    Hiri Motu[?]
 hun      hu    Hungarian
 hup            Hupa[?]

I

 iba            Iban[?]
 ice/isl  is    Icelandic
 ido      io    Ido
 ibo      ig    Igbo
 ijo            Ijo[?]
 ilo            Iloko[?]
 inc            Indic languages[?] (Other)
 ine            Indo-European languages (Other)
 ind      id    Indonesian
 inh            Ingush[?] 
 ina      ia    Interlingua (International Auxiliary language Association)
 ine      -     Interlingue
 iku      iu    Inuktitut
 ipk      ik    Inupiak[?]
 ira            Iranian[?] (Other)
 gle      ga    Irish
 sga            Irish, Old[?] (to 900)
 mga            Irish, Middle[?] (900 - 1200)
 iro            Iroquoian languages[?]
 ita      it    Italian

J

 jpn      ja    Japanese
 jav      jv    Javanese[?]
 jrb            Judeo-Arabic[?]
 jpr            Judeo-Persian

K

 kbd            Kabardian[?]
 kab            Kabyle
 kac            Kachin[?]
 kal      kl    Kalaallisut[?]; Greenlandic
 xal            Kalmyk[?] 
 kam            Kamba[?]
 kan      kn    Kannada
 kau      kr    Kanuri[?]
 kaa            Kara-Kalpak[?]
 krc            Karachay-Balkar[?]
 kar            Karen[?]
 kas      ks    Kashmiri[?]
 csb            Kashubian
 kaw            Kawi[?]
 kaz      kk    Kazakh
 kha            Khasi[?]
 khm      km    Khmer
 khi            Khoisan (Other)
 kho            Khotanese[?]
 kik            Kikuyu
 kin      rw    Kinyarwanda[?]
 kir      ky    Kirghiz
 kom            Komi[?]
 kon      kg    Kongo
 kok            Konkani
 kor      ko    Korean
 kpe            Kpelle[?]
 kro            Kru[?]
 kua      kj    Kuanyama[?]
 kum            Kumyk[?]
 kur      ku    Kurdish
 kru            Kurukh[?]
 kus            Kusaie[?]
 kut            Kutenai[?]

L

 lad            Ladino
 lah            Lahnda[?]
 lam            Lamba[?]
 lao      lo    Lao
 lat      la    Latin
 lav      lv    Latvian
 ltz            Letzeburgesch[?]
 lez            Lezghian[?]
 lin      ln    Lingala
 lit      lt    Lithuanian
 log      pd    Low German
 loz            Lozi[?]
 lub            Luba-Katanga[?]
 lui            Luiseno[?]
 smj            Lule Sami[?]
 lun            Lunda[?]
 luo            Luo[?] (Kenya and Tanzania)

M

 mac/mkd  mk    Macedonian (language´s status discussed) 
 mad            Madurese[?]
 mag            Magahi[?]
 mai            Maithili[?]
 mak            Makasar[?]
 mlg      mg    Malagasy
 may/msa  ms    Malay
 mal            Malayalam
 mlt      mt    Maltese
 man            Mandingo
 mni            Manipuri[?]
 mno            Manobo languages[?]
 glv      gv    Manx[?]
 mao/mri  mi    Maori
 mar      mr    Marathi
 chm            Mari[?]
 mah      mh    Marshall
 mwr            Marwari[?]
 mas            Masai[?]
 myn            Mayan languages[?]
 men            Mende[?]
 mic            Micmac[?]
 min            Minangkabau
 mis            Miscellaneous  (Other)
 moh            Mohawk
 mdf            Moksha
 mol      mo    Moldavian
 mkh            Mon-Kmer[?] (Other)
 lol            Mongo[?]
 mon      mn    Mongolian
 mos            Mossi[?]
 mul            Multiple languages (several languages used)
 mun            Munda languages[?]

N

 nau      na    Nauru
 nav      nv    Navajo
 nde      nd    Ndebele, North[?]
 nbl      nr    Ndebele, South[?]
 ndo      ng    Ndongo[?]
 nep      ne    Nepali
 new            Newari[?]
 nic            Niger-Kordofanian languages (Other)
 ssa            Nilo-Saharan languages (Other)
 niu            Niuean[?]
 nog            Nogai[?]
 non            Norse, Old[?]
 nai            North American Indian languages[?] (Other)
 nor      no    Norwegian
 nbo      nb    Norwegian Bokmål[?]
 nno      nn    Norwegian (Nynorsk)
 nub            Nubian languages[?]
 nym            Nyamwezi[?]
 nya      ny    Nyanja[?]
 nyn            Nyankole[?]
 nyo            Nyoro[?]
 nzi            Nzima[?]

O

 oci      oc    Occitan (post 1500); Provençal
 oji      oj    Ojibwa
 ori      or    Oriya[?]
 orm      om    Oromo
 osa            Osage[?]
 oss      os    Ossetian[?]
 oto            Otomian languages[?]

P

 pal            Pahlavi[?]
 pau            Palauan[?]
 pli      pi    Pali
 pam            Pampanga
 pag            Pangasinan[?]
 pan      pa    Panjabi
 pap            Papiamento[?]
 paa            Papuan-Australian languages[?] (Other)
 per/fas  fa    Persian
 peo            Persian, Old[?] (ca 600 - 400 B.C.)
 phn            Phoenician
 pol      pl    Polish
 pon            Ponape
 por      pt    Portuguese
 pra            Prakrit languages[?]
 pro            Provencal, Old[?] (to 1500)
 pus      ps    Pushto

Q

 que      qu    Quechua

R

 roh      rm    Rhaeto-Romance[?]
 raj            Rajasthani[?]
 rar            Rarotongan[?]
 roa            Romance languages (Other)
 rum/ron  ro    Romanian
 rom            Romany
 run      rn    Rundi[?]
 rus      ru    Russian

S

 sal            Salishan languages
 sam            Samaritan Aramaic[?]
 smi            Sami languages[?]
 smo      sm    Samoan[?]
 sad            Sandawe[?]
 sag      sg    Sango
 san      sa    Sanskrit
 srd            Sardinian
 sco            Scots
 sel            Selkup[?]
 sem            Semitic languages (Other)
 scc/srp  sr    Serbian
         (sh)   Serbo-Croatian
 srr            Serer
 shn            Shan
 sna      sn    Shona[?]
 sid            Sidamo[?]
 bla            Siksika[?]
 snd      sd    Sindhi[?]
 sin      si    Singhalese[?]
 sit      -     Sino-Tibetan languages (Other)
 sio            Siouan languages[?]
 sla            Slavic languages (Other)
 ssw      ss    Siswant[?] (the same as Swati, see below)
 slk/slo  sk    Slovak[?]
 slv      sl    Slovenian
 sog            Sogdian[?]
 som      so    Somali[?]
 son            Songhai[?]
 wen            Sorbian languages[?]
 nso            Northern Sotho language
 sot      st    Southern Sotho language[?]
 sai            South American Indian languages[?] (Other)
 spa      es    Spanish
 suk            Sukuma[?]
 sux            Sumerian
 sun      su    Sundanese[?]
 sus            Susu[?]
 swa      sw    Swahili
 ssw      ss    Swati[?]/Swazi
 swe      sv    Swedish
 syr            Syriac

T

 tgl      tl    Tagalog
 tah            Tahitian[?]
 tgk      tg    Tajik
 tmh            Tamashek[?]
 tam      ta    Tamil
 tat      tt    Tatar
 tel      te    Telugu
 ter            Tereno[?]
 tha      th    Thai
 tib/bod  bo    Tibetan
 tig            Tigre
 tir      ti    Tigrinya
 tem            Timne[?]
 tiv            Tivi[?]
 tli            Tlingit
 tog            Tonga (Nyasa)[?]
 ton      to    Tonga (Tonga Islands)[?]
 tru            Truk
 tsi            Tsimshian[?]
 tso      ts    Tsonga[?]
 tsn      tn    Tswana
 tum            Tumbuka[?]
 tur      tr    Turkish
 ota            Turkish, Ottoman[?] (1500 - 1928)
 tuk      tk    Turkmen
 tyv            Tuvinian[?]
 twi      tw    Twi[?]

U

 udm            Udmurt[?] 
 uga            Ugaritic
 uig      ug    Uighur
 ukr      uk    Ukrainian
 umb            Umbundu[?]
 und            Undetermined (language or languages cannot be identified)
 urd      ur    Urdu
 uzb      uz    Uzbek

V

 vai            Vai[?]
 ven            Venda[?]
 vie      vi    Vietnamese
 vol      vo    Volapük
 vot            Votic

W

 wak            Wakashan languages[?]
 wal            Walamo[?]
 wln      wa    Walloon
 war            Waray[?]
 was            Washo[?]

 wel/cym  cy    Welsh
 wol      wo    Wolof

X

 xho      xh    Xhosa

Y

 sah            Yakut[?]
 yao            Yao[?]
 yap            Yap
 yid      yi    Yiddish
 yor      yo    Yoruba

Z

 zap            Zapotec
 zen            Zenaga
 zha      za    Zhuang
 zul      zu    Zulu
 zun            Zuni[?]

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