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Henry Thrale


Henry Thrale by Sir Joshua Reynolds

Henry Thrale Born between 1724 and 1730 at the Alehouse in Harrow Corner, Southwark. Son of the rich brewer Ralph Thrale (1698 - 1758) and Mary Thrale. First husband of Hester Thrale from 11 October 1763 until his death on 4 April 1781. Member of Parliament for Southwark 23 December 1765 - September 1780. Alderman[?]. Sheriff of London[?]. A respected, religious man who was a good hunter and sportsman with a taste for gambling.

Table of contents

Education

Educated at Eton College and University College, Oxford. Matriculated[?] on 4 June 1744. Travelled in Europe with Lord William Henry Lyttleton Westcote 1724-1808.

Samuel Johnson

Johnson was first introduced on to the Thrales on the 9 or 10 of January 1765. From then onwards Johnson was very much a part of the Thrale family. There was much good literary company. When Fanny Burney was admitted to the circle, Samuel Crisp[?] wrote "Where will you find such another set? Oh, Fanny, set this down as the happiest period of your life?." Johnson mostly lived with the Thrales at his country house Streatham Park[?] or brewery home (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/homes/brewery_house.php) for the next 15 years until Henry's death in 1781.

Parliamentary career

On 23 December 1765 Henry Thrale was elected as MP for Southwark. He continued to represent the Borough until his defeat in 1780. More>> (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/henry_mp.php)

Business career

Inheireted Anchor Brewery (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/brewery/index.php), from his father. In 1772 Henry Thrale almost went bankrupt by the expense of a scheme for brewing beer without malt or hops. They were in debt to the tune of £130,000 (£13 million today). Hester Thrale raised money from her mother and other friends and cleared the debt in nine years.

Travels

In 1774 Samuel Johnson went with the Thrales on a tour of Wales.

In September 1775 Hester, Henry and their eldest child Queeney together with Samuel Johnson and Joseph Baretti went to Paris.

On 19 October 1775 the party were admitted to the Court of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette at Fontainebleau, and enjoyed dinner and an evening at the theatre with them.

Family life

It is said that Henry and Hester's marriage was loveless. Whilst their was no great passion, they loved and respected each other. On their wedding anniversary on 11 October 1787 Hester wrote in Thraliana[?] "Why do the people say I never loved my first husband? -tis a very unjust conjecture. This day on which 24 years ago I was married to him never returns without bringing with it many a tender Remembrance: though 'twas on that Evening when we retired together that I was first alone with Mr. Thrale for five minutes in my whole life. Ours was a match of mere Prudence; and common good Liking, without the smallest Pretensions to passion on either Side: I knew no more of him than any other Gentleman who came to the House, nor did he ever profess other Attachment to me, than such as Esteem of my Character, & Convenience from my Fortune produced. I really had never past five whole Minutes TÍte a TÍte with him in my life till the Evening of our Wedding Day,-& he himself has said so a Thousand Times. yet God who gave us to each other, knows I did love him dearly; & what honour I can ever do to his Memory shall be done, for he was very generous to me".

Personality

In June 1777 his wife wrote in Thraliana[?] ... Mr Thrale's Person is manly, his Countenance agreeable, his Eyes steady and of the deepest Blue: his Look neither soft nor severe, neither sprightly nor gloomy, but thoughtful and Intelligent: his Address is neither caressive nor repulsive, but unaffectedly civil and decorous; and his Manner more completely free from every kind of Trick or Particularity than I ever saw any person's - he is a Man wholly as I think out of the Power of Mimickry. He loves Money & is diligent to obtain it; but he loves Liberality too, & is willing enough both to give generously & spend fashionably. His Passions either are not strong, or else he keeps them under such Command that they seldom disturb his Tranquillity or his Friends, & it must I think be something more than common which can affect him strongly either with Hope, Fear Anger Love or Joy. His regard for his Father's Memory is remarkably great, and he has been a most exemplary Brother; though when the house of his favourite Sister was on Fire, & we were alarmed with the Account of it in the Night, I well remember that he never rose, but bidding the Servant who called us, go to her Assistance; quietly turned about & slept to his usual hour. I must give another Trait of his Tranquillity on a different Occasion; he had built great Casks holding 1000 Hogsheads each, & was much pleased with their Profit & Appearance - One Day however he came down to Streatham[?] as usual to dinner & after hearing & talking of a hundred trifles-but I forgot says he to tell you how one of my great Casks is burst & all the Beer run out.

Mr Thrale's Sobriety, & the Decency of his Conversation being wholly free from all Oaths Ribaldry and Profaneness make him a Man exceedingly comfortable to live with, while the easiness of his Temper and slowness to take Offence add greatly to his Value as a domestic Man: Yet I think his Servants do not much love him, and I am not sure that his Children feel much Affection for him: low People almost all indeed agree to abhorr him, as he has none of that officious & cordial Manner which is universally required by them - nor any Skill to dissemble his dislike of their Coarseness - with Regard to his Wife, tho' little tender of her Person, he is very partial to her Understanding, - but he is obliging to nobody; & confers a Favour less pleasingly than many a Man refuses to confer one. This appears to me to be as just a Character as can be given of the Man with whom I have now lived thirteen Years, and tho' he is extremely reserved and uncommunicative, yet one must know something of him after so long Acquaintance. Johnson has a very great Degree of Kindness & Esteem for him, & says if he would talk more, his Manner would be very completely that of a perfect Gentleman."

Illness and death

On 1 April 1777 Henry's death was falsely reported in the newspapers, and threw James Boswell into "a state of very uneasy uncertainty".

In July 1779, Henry Thrale went to his sister's house - Mrs Susannah Nesbitt - to read the will of her husband Arnold Nesbitt MP for Cricklade who had died the day before. During the meal Henry had his first stroke. Read more >> (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/henry_thrale_1779_stroke.php) The second stroke was on 21 February 1780. On 16 September 1780 he had a third stroke whilst talking to some constituents whilst campaigning for re-election.

The strokes were largely caused by Henry's voracious appetite for large indulgent meals, accompanied by large quantities of ale.

Henry Thrale died at 5 a.m. April 4, 1781, with his wife and Johnson by his side. He was buried in the crypt of St. Leonards Church (http://www.thrale.com/history/graves/graves_5.php), Streatham. Henry's epitaph was written by Samuel Johnson.

Obituaries

Johnson wrote "On Wednesday 11, was buried my dear Friend Thrale who died on Wednesday 4, and with him were buried many of my hopes and pleasures" and "I felt almost the flutter of his pulse, and looked for the last time upon a face that for fifteen years had never been turned upon me but with respect and benignity". He also wrote "I am not without my part of the calamity. No death since that of my wife has ever oppressed me like this." and "My part of the loss hangs upon me. I have lost a friend of boundless kindness at an age when it is very unlikely that I should find another." and "One great abatement of all miseries was the attention of Mr. Thrale, which from our first acquaintance was never intermitted." and "I know no man who is more master of his wife and family than Thrale. If he but holds up a finger, he is obeyed".

Arthur Murphy wrote "a more ingenuous frame of mind no man possessed. His education at Oxford gave him the habits of a gentleman; his amiable temper recommended his conversation, and the goodness of his heart made him a sincere friend".

The poet James Beattie[?] wrote "He was a most respectable character; intelligent, modest, communicative and friendly".

In his Life of Johnson, James Boswell mentions Henry's worthy principles, sound scholarship, business acumen, general intelligence and polished manners. He also added his impressive looks, dignified bearing and generosity towards his wife in his allowance to her for entertaining those guests of her own choosing.

Will

The executors of Henry Thrale's will were Samuel Johnson, Henry Smith, Joseph Crutchley, John Cator and Hester Thrale. The Anchor Brewhouse was quickly sold to David Barclay 1728-1809 (owner of Barclays Bank[?]), who took Thrale's old manager, John Perkins[?] (1730-1812), into partnership. They became Barclay, Perkins and Company. The sale figure was 135,000 pounds (£13,500,000 or $22,500,000 today).

This was all left in trust for Thrale's five daughters who are said to have been left £20,000 each (£2,000,000 today). From other assets his wife was left the interest from £50,000 for life and the contents of Streatham Park[?] (including all Sir Joshua Reynolds paintings) for life.

Samuel Johnson famously said, "We are not here to sell a parcel of boilers and vats, but the potentiality of growing rich beyond the dreams of avarice."

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