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Eton College

Eton redirects here; see also Eton, Georgia for the town in the United States.
Eton College, is a public school (i.e. an independent secondary school) for boys, located near Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England.

It boards approximately 1,280 boys between the ages of 13 and 18 who enjoy some outstanding facilities at a cost of over 5000 a half (term). As at most public schools, its pupils achieve very good exam results.

It is famous for its alumni and the archaic traditions it maintains, including a uniform of black tailcoat and waistcoat, and pin-striped trousers. The uniform was first worn as mourning for the death of George III, although in the late 1960s the Eton suit was abolished. Other idiosyncracies include the Eton Field Game[?], the Eton Wall Game, the lack of a prefect system and the remnants of a peculiar slang.

The school is popular with the Royal Family and has produced nineteen Prime Ministers. There are also more old Etonians in the Special Air Service (SAS) than any other Army regiment. Other former students include Hugh Dalton[?], Guy Burgess[?], George Orwell, Cyril Connolly[?], Henry Fielding, Ian Fleming, William Gladstone, Thomas Gray, Stewart Headlam[?], Frederick Pethick-Lawrence[?], Humphrey Lyttelton, Herbrand Sackville[?], John Strachey[?], Arnold Ward[?], and the Duke of Wellington.

The King's College of our Lady of Eton was founded in 1440 by Henry VI as a charity school to provide free education to a small number of poor students who would then go on to King's College, Cambridge. It became popular in the 17th century.

It is often suggested that the Duke of Wellington claimed "The Battle of Waterloo was won on the playing-fields of Eton". The provenance for this is dubious: Wellington briefly attended Eton, for which he had no great love, in the late 18th century, when the school had no playing fields or organised team sports, and the phrase wsa first recorded three years after the Duke's death.

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