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Hester Thrale

Hester Lynch Thrale by Sir Joshua Reynolds

Hester Lynch Thrale (Mrs Thrale) (1740-1821). British diarist. Author. Friend and confidante of Samuel Johnson.

Her diaries and correspondence are an important source of information about Samuel Johnson. She was an author in her own right and her ana[?] Thraliana[?] is important because it was almost, if not quite, the first English Ana[?].

She was born Hester Lynch Salusbury between 4pm and 5pm on 27 January 1741 at Bodvel Hall, Caernarvenshire[?], Wales. She was a member of an illustrious Welsh land-owning family.

She married the rish brewer Henry Thrale on 11 October 1763, at St. Anne's Chapel, Soho, London. They had 12 children.

This was her entry to London society, as a result of which she met Samuel Johnson and other literary figures, including the young Fanny Burney. Samuel Johnson visited Wales in Mrs Thrale's company on several occasions. In 1775 Samuel Johnson wrote verse in celebration of her 35th birthday (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/johnsons_35_poem.php), and the same year wrote Latin verse in her honour (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/johnsons_latin_ode_to_thrale.php).

Following Thrale's death in 1780, she married Gabriel Mario Piozzi[?], an Italian music teacher. This caused a rift with Samuel Johnson which was only mended shortly before his death. With her second husband[?], she retired Brynbella a specially-built country house on her Bach y graig estate, in the Vale of Clywd, south of - and close to - Tremeirchion village in north Wales.

She died in at Royal York Crescent, Clifton, Bristol on 2 May 1821. She was buried on 16 May 1821 near Brynbella in the churchyard of Corpus Christi Church Tremeirchion. A plaque inside the church is inscribed "Dr. Johnson's Mrs. Thrale. Witty, Vivacious and Charming, in an age of Genius She held ever a foremost Place".


  • Thraliana (http://www.thrale.com/history/books/book_6.php)
  • Anecdotes of the late Samuel Johnson (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/hesters_writings/johnson_anecdotes.php)
  • The Three Warnings (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/hesters_writings/three_warnings.php)
  • Retrospection (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/hesters_writings/retrospection_01.php)
  • Other Hester Thrale etexts (http://www.thrale.com/history/english/hester_and_henry/hesters_writings/index.php)

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