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Gascony (Gascogne in French) is a region in southwest France. It encompasses départements of Landes, Gers, and Hautes-Pyrénées and parts of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Lot-et-Garonne, Tarn-et-Garonne, Haute-Garonne, Gironde, and Ariège.

Main industries are :

  • fishing
  • stock raising
  • wine making
  • brandy distilling
  • tourism

Gascony was inhabited to a large extent by Basques. It is the home of the Gascon language.

History of Gascony

Local Basque clans were in Gascony lands from time immemorial. First it was taken over by the Roman Empire, then the Visigoths, and finally it belonged to the Frankish Kingdom. With its deterioration, it emerged for a time as a separate state and, in fact, has retained even to this day a reputation for nurturing a stubborn and independent people.

Timeline :

The most important towns are :

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