The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to up to four mathematicians (not over forty years of age) at each International Congress of International Mathematical Union, since 1936 and regularly since 1948 at the initiative of the Canadian mathematican John Charles Fields[?]. The purpose is to give recognition and support to young mathematical researchers having already made important contributions; the Fields medal is also often considered to be the "Nobel Prize of mathematics".
See also: Abel Prize, Nevanlinna Prize, Schock Prize
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