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Dayton, Ohio

Dayton is a city located in Montgomery County, of which it is the county seat, in west-central Ohio. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 166,179. The city sits in the Miami River[?] Valley, north of Cincinnati, south of Toledo, west of Columbus, and east of Richmond, Indiana, at the confluence of the Great Miami River[?], the Stillwater River, the Mad River, and Wolf Creek. After the flood of 1913, numerous water-control dams and levees were constructed to control these rivers.

Named after Jonathan Dayton[?], a Captain in the American Revolutionary War and signer of the U.S. Constitution, the city was the birthplace and home of aviation pioneers Orville Wright and Wilbur Wright who, before their aviation success, ran a bicycle repair shop in Dayton. It was also the home of the poet Paul Laurence Dunbar and of John H. Patterson[?], 1 (http://www.libraries.wright.edu/special/manuscripts/ms236) who founded a successful cash register business in Dayton, National Cash Register Corporation, now diversified far beyond cash registers and known by its initials NCR.

The nickname of the city is the Gem City.

Table of contents

Dayton Agreement

From November 1 to November 21, 1995 negotiations took place at Wright-Patterson Air Base near Dayton to end the war in the former Yugoslavia that had gone on for the previous three years. The main participants were Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, Croatian President Franjo Tudjman, Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, and the chief American negotiator Richard Holbrooke[?]. Formally signed in Paris on December 14, the document is known as as the Dayton Agreement.

Political Structure

In 1913, Dayton became the first city to adopt the